Isl. Ms. 94


Tanwīr al-abṣār wa-jāmiʻ al-biḥār,[1203, i.e. 1789].تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار,[1203ه, 1789م].


Khaṭīb al-Tamartāshī, Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh,1532 or 3-1595 or 6..خطيب التمرتاشي، محمد بن عبد الله

Place/Date of Production:



189 leaves :paper ;220 x 150 (147 x 61) mm. bound to 220 x 150-155 mm.


Fine copy of the compendium of Ḥanafī law by Shams al-Din Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh al-Timirtāshī.

Other Title(s):

Title from fore-edge flap label:تنوير الابصار


Islamic law--Early works to 1800.
Hanifites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Headpieces (layout features)18th century.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription following table of contents (p.7) and in opening (p.10).


"الحمد لله الذي أحكم أحكام الشرع الشريف وأعلى مناره وأعز من قام باعبائه وأغلى مقادره ... وبعد فيقول الواثق بمولاه محمد ابن عبد الله لما رأيت الهمم مائلة الى المختصرات المضبوطة راغبة عن الكتب المبسوطة اردت ان اكتب متنا مشتملا على كثير من مسائل المتون المعتمدة محيطا بفرائد نفيسة عنها اكثر المختصرات ... وسميته بتنوير الابصار وجامع البحار ..."


"ومن صالح من الورثة والغرماء على شيء منها طرح ثم قسم الباقي على سهام من بقي منهم والله سبحانه اعلم بالصواب"


"Scribal," triangular, reads: "تم تنميق كتاب تنوير الابصار بعون الله الملك اللطيف المختار على يد افقر الكتاب واحقر الطلاب محمد بن عمر بن الاسيري [؟] عفى عنهما العفو العلي في اليوم العشرين من جمادى الاخرة لسنة ثلث ومائتين والف من الهجرة النبوية عليه افضل الصلاة واكمل التحية اللهم يسر لي العمل بما يحويه كما يسرت كتابته مع قراءته بحرمة حبيبك المصطفى ورسولك المجبتى وبحرمة جملة القرش والامين على وحي السماء امين تم"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, I+1 (3), 18 V(183), III (189) ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes front flyleaf and insert, mistakenly repeats pp.236-237).


Written in 19 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; bold Turkish hand ; mainly serifless though right-sloping head serif occasionally appears ; effect of tilt to left ; fairly rounded ; mainly closed counters.


Illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening on p.10, consisting of rectangular piece surmounted by scalloped semi-circular piece (dome) set in a well of orange-red and gold with black accents ; rectangular piece carries empty gold panel surrounded by border in yellow with black accents ; semi-circular piece (dome) carries crude floral vegetal design in red, white, and yellow on a field of gold ; written area of incipit and facing page surrounded by gold frame, elsewhere written area surrounded by red rule-border ; keywords, section headings, some notabilia, and abbreviation symbols rubricated throughout ; some overlining and textual dividers in the form of discs in red.


European laid paper of several types ; one type well-burnished with many inclusions visible, 9 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 26 mm. apart (horizontal), crown with beaded chain [?] watermark ; another type smoother, with fewer inclusions visible, 12 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines spaced 25 mm. apart (horizontal), and a type of coat of arms watermark ; yet another type with fewer inclusions, not as well-burnished, 9 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28-30 mm. apart (horizontal), and what appears to be fleur des lis with grapes watermark ; much staining, some leather burn.


Pasteboards covered in deep red leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in yellow laid paper, interior of fore-edge flap in red leather ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped mandorla (with floral vegetal composition, compare Déroche class. OAi 4), pendants and roll-border in a series of s-shaped stamps framed by tooled fillets ; envelope flap carries blind-stamped pendant ; sewn in white thread, two stations ; worked endbands in pink and green, fair condition ; overall in poor condition with significant abrasion, staining, lifting and losses of leather (particularly fore-edge flap at lower cover), delamination of boards, spine slant (slightly cocked) etc.

Accompanying Materials:

Slip with notes (paginated pp.107-108).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 3. Tanwir al-absar."


As appears in colophon on p.377, copied by Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar ibn al-Asīrī [?]. Transcription finished ("tamma tanmīq Tanwīr al-abṣār...") 20 Jumādá II 1203 [February 1789].

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on upper cover,"British Museum, London.No. 3. Tanwir al-absar." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "178" in Western numerals on front flyleaf (p.1) ; on blue-tinted paper pasted on ’title page’ (p.9), a detailed waqf statement in the name of al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Adīb (Abdullah Edip), known as Jannatʹzādah (Cennet-zade), qāḍī of Erzurum, accompanied by his seal, reads: "وقفت وقفا صحيحا شرعيا على ان لا يخرج من بيت الكتب الملتصق بداري الا لعلماء سكنوا بارضروم بكفيل مرعى اورهن قوي وانا الفقير السيد عبد الله اديب الشهير بجنت زاده القاضي بمدينة ارضروم في سنة اثنى وستين ومائتين والف" ; glosses and occasional marginal corrections and notabilia (side-heads).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


05 Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar ibn al-Asīrī, fl.1789, scribe. 05 محمد بن عمر الاسيري، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II, 311

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 16, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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