Isl. Ms. 88


[Mirʼāt al-uṣūl fī sharḥ Mirqāt al-wuṣūl,1135, i.e. 1722].[مرآة الأصول في شرح مرقاة الوصول,1135ه, 1722م].


Hūsrev,Molla,d. 1480.خسرو،ملّا،ت. 1480

Place/Date of Production:



317 leaves :paper ;214 x 142 (149 x 65) mm. bound to 215 x 145-155 mm.


Fine copy of the commentary by Muḥammad ibn Farāmurz on his Mirqāt al-wuṣūl ilá ʻilm al-uṣūl, on principles of jurisprudence.

Other Title(s):

Title from from inscription on 'title page' (p.9):مرآة شرح مرقاة


Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Hūsrev,--Molla,--d. 1480.--Mirqāt al-wuṣūl.


Headpieces (layout features)18th century.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


"الحمد لله الذي كرم بني آدم بالعقل القويم ... اما بعد فان اولى ما تقترحه القرائح القوارح ..."


"ولا ينافى ذلك صدور لا ادرى من المجتهد لما سبق"


"Authorial," rectangular, reads: " قد رفع خيام الاختتام بعون الله الملك العلام عن نفائس عراب الكلام ... ليلة الجمعة السابعة والعشرين من رمضان المبارك من سنة خمسين وثمانمائة" ; "Scribal," triangular, reads: "قد تم تسويد الكتاب بعون الله الملك الوهاب يوم الاثنين السابع عشر من ربيع الاول من سنة خمس وثلاثين ومائة والف من هجرة من له العز والشرف سنة ۱۱۳٥"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

I (2), 30 V(302), IV (310), I (312), III-1 (317) ; chiefly quinions ; final word of last line on verso of each leaf repeated as the first word of the first line on the following verso ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (skips ahead from p.9 to p.12, skips over two pages between pp.269-270).


Written in 21 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).


Naskh-nastaʻlīq ; sans serif ; slight effect of words descending to baseline ; mainly closed counters ; occasional elongated horizontal strokes and swooping tails ; kāf alif ligature forming closed loop.


Illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening on p.12, consisting of rectangular piece surmounted by scalloped semi-circular piece (dome) set in a well of green and gold ; rectangular piece carries basmalah in a central cartouche defined by flanking accent pieces in gold, green and blue ; semi-circular piece (dome) carries crude floral vegetal design in green, white, blue, and red on a field of gold with outline in blue and vertical stalks (tīgh) in blue and red above ; written area of incipit page surrounded by gold frame ; keywords and section headings rubricated ; some overlining and textual dividers in the form of discs in red.


European laid paper of several types ; mainly with 6 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart (horizontal), lightly burnished with crown, star, crescent watermark (compare Heawood 1132) ; another thinner type, smooth and well-burnished, with three hats watermark ; still another thin and fairly translucent type with crown and grapes or crown and beaded diamond watermark.


Pasteboards covered in marbled paper (blue, orange, yellow, mauve, etc.) with spine, fore-edge flap and edges/turn-ins in red leather, spine now covered with cloth and paper ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in laid paper ; traces of epigraphic stamp (large lozenge shape) reading "شفاء القلوب لقاء المحبوب" visible on lower cover where layers of paper have come away ; sewn in cream thread, two stations, often loose or missing ; worked endbands in cream thread, fair condition ; in quite poor condition with much abrasion, pest and water damage, lifting and losses of leather, delamination of boards, etc. ; repairs in cloth, leather, and paper ; extremely ill-fitting.

Accompanying Materials:

Slip with notes inserted between pp.126-127 (not paginated).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 120. Mirat al-usul."


As appears in scribal colophon on p.631, transcription completed ("wa-qad tamma taswīd al-kitāb...") Monday 17 Rabīʻ I 1135 [December 1722]. Preceding authorial colophon (also on p.631) indicates that composition was completed on the 27th night of Ramaḍān 850 [December 1446].

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 120. Mirat al-usul." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "250" in Western numerals on first of added leaves carrying table of contents (p.1) ; circular waqf-seal impression in black ink appears on first of added leaves carrying table of contents (p.1), on 'title page' (p.9) and several places throughout, reads: "هذا وقف الراجي فيض الصمدي الشيخ احمد ضيا الدين ابن مصطفى الخالدي فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه فانما اثمه على الذين يبدلونه" ; numerous glosses ; occasional marginal corrections and notabilia (side-heads).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II, 226

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 16, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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