Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 88

Title:

[Mirʼāt al-uṣūl fī sharḥ Mirqāt al-wuṣūl,1135, i.e. 1722].[مرآة الأصول في شرح مرقاة الوصول,1135ه, 1722م].

Author:

Hūsrev,Molla,d. 1480.خسرو،ملّا،ت. 1480

Place/Date of Production:

[1722].

Size:

317 leaves :paper ;214 x 142 (149 x 65) mm. bound to 215 x 145-155 mm.

Summary:

Fine copy of the commentary by Muḥammad ibn Farāmurz on his Mirqāt al-wuṣūl ilá ʻilm al-uṣūl, on principles of jurisprudence.

Other Title(s):

Title from from inscription on 'title page' (p.9):مرآة شرح مرقاة

Subject(s):

Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Hūsrev,--Molla,--d. 1480.--Mirqāt al-wuṣūl.

Genre:

Headpieces (layout features)18th century.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.

Incipit:

"الحمد لله الذي كرم بني آدم بالعقل القويم ... اما بعد فان اولى ما تقترحه القرائح القوارح ..."

Explicit:

"ولا ينافى ذلك صدور لا ادرى من المجتهد لما سبق"

Colophon:

"Authorial," rectangular, reads: " قد رفع خيام الاختتام بعون الله الملك العلام عن نفائس عراب الكلام ... ليلة الجمعة السابعة والعشرين من رمضان المبارك من سنة خمسين وثمانمائة" ; "Scribal," triangular, reads: "قد تم تسويد الكتاب بعون الله الملك الوهاب يوم الاثنين السابع عشر من ربيع الاول من سنة خمس وثلاثين ومائة والف من هجرة من له العز والشرف سنة ۱۱۳٥"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

I (2), 30 V(302), IV (310), I (312), III-1 (317) ; chiefly quinions ; final word of last line on verso of each leaf repeated as the first word of the first line on the following verso ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (skips ahead from p.9 to p.12, skips over two pages between pp.269-270).

Layout:

Written in 21 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).

Script:

Naskh-nastaʻlīq ; sans serif ; slight effect of words descending to baseline ; mainly closed counters ; occasional elongated horizontal strokes and swooping tails ; kāf alif ligature forming closed loop.

Decoration:

Illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening on p.12, consisting of rectangular piece surmounted by scalloped semi-circular piece (dome) set in a well of green and gold ; rectangular piece carries basmalah in a central cartouche defined by flanking accent pieces in gold, green and blue ; semi-circular piece (dome) carries crude floral vegetal design in green, white, blue, and red on a field of gold with outline in blue and vertical stalks (tīgh) in blue and red above ; written area of incipit page surrounded by gold frame ; keywords and section headings rubricated ; some overlining and textual dividers in the form of discs in red.

Support:

European laid paper of several types ; mainly with 6 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart (horizontal), lightly burnished with crown, star, crescent watermark (compare Heawood 1132) ; another thinner type, smooth and well-burnished, with three hats watermark ; still another thin and fairly translucent type with crown and grapes or crown and beaded diamond watermark.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in marbled paper (blue, orange, yellow, mauve, etc.) with spine, fore-edge flap and edges/turn-ins in red leather, spine now covered with cloth and paper ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in laid paper ; traces of epigraphic stamp (large lozenge shape) reading "شفاء القلوب لقاء المحبوب" visible on lower cover where layers of paper have come away ; sewn in cream thread, two stations, often loose or missing ; worked endbands in cream thread, fair condition ; in quite poor condition with much abrasion, pest and water damage, lifting and losses of leather, delamination of boards, etc. ; repairs in cloth, leather, and paper ; extremely ill-fitting.

Accompanying Materials:

Slip with notes inserted between pp.126-127 (not paginated).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 120. Mirat al-usul."

Origin:

As appears in scribal colophon on p.631, transcription completed ("wa-qad tamma taswīd al-kitāb...") Monday 17 Rabīʻ I 1135 [December 1722]. Preceding authorial colophon (also on p.631) indicates that composition was completed on the 27th night of Ramaḍān 850 [December 1446].

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 120. Mirat al-usul." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "250" in Western numerals on first of added leaves carrying table of contents (p.1) ; circular waqf-seal impression in black ink appears on first of added leaves carrying table of contents (p.1), on 'title page' (p.9) and several places throughout, reads: "هذا وقف الراجي فيض الصمدي الشيخ احمد ضيا الدين ابن مصطفى الخالدي فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه فانما اثمه على الذين يبدلونه" ; numerous glosses ; occasional marginal corrections and notabilia (side-heads).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,II, 226

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 16, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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