Isl. Ms. 133


[Sharḥ Marāḥ al-arwāḥ,1132, i.e. 1719 or 1720].[شرح مراح الارواح,1132ه, 1719 أو 1720م].


Rūmī, ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Khalīl.رومي، عبد الرحمن بن خليل.

Place/Date of Production:

[1719 or 1720].


126 leaves :paper ;222 x 170 (153 x 83) mm. bound to 222 x 180 mm.


Fine copy of a commentary by ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Khalīl on Ibn Masʻūd's textbook of Arabic grammar, Marāḥ al-arwāḥ. Preceded by a very brief anonymous commentary listing the maṣādir of the verbs discussed in the Marāḥ al-arwāḥ and followed by a witty poem.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on 'title page' p.7:شرح المراح لعبد الرحمنشرح مراحShayʼan lil-maṣādir al-madhkūrah fī Marāḥ al-arwāḥشيئا للمصادر المذكورة في مراح الارواحQaṣīdah malīḥah fī al-nafsقصيدة مليحة في النفس


Arabic language--Morphology--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ibn Masʻūd, Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī,--13th cent.--Marāḥ al-arwāḥ.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


[Sharḥ al-Marāḥ] "الحمد لله الذي اطلعنا على كتابه بعلوم العربية والتصريف وحفظ كلامه عن التبديل والتغيير والتحريف وجعل التثبت به بمراح الارواح ... اما بعد فان العبد الذليل عبد الرحمن بن خليل يقول لما اسبغ الله على عباده نعماء لا يحصى عددها ... ومن لطفه علي وافضاله الي ترقي امر بعض اولادي الى قراءة مراح الارواح ... شرحت شرحا يحتوي متنا"


"لكنه لا يعده ايضا لمتابعة للمفرد والذي اجتمع فيه اعلالان اذا اعل عينه [؟] والله اعلم بالصواب واليه المرجع والمآب"


"Scribal," triangular, reads: "تمت هذه النسخة الشريفة المباركة الميمونة بعون الله الملك الوهاب على يد اضعف العباد مصطفى بن حسن الوافي غفر الله له ولوالديه واحسن اليهما واليه في سنة اثنى وثلاثون ومائة والف من جهرة [هجرة] النبوية تمت تم تم تم"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


1. p.4-p.6 : Shayʼan lil-maṣādir al-madhkūrah fī Marāḥ al-arwāḥ.
2. p.7-p.247 : Sharḥ al-Marāḥ / ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Khalīl al-Rūmī.
3. p.248-p.250 : [originally left blank, now carries Qaṣīdah malīḥah fī al-nafs].

Physical Details:

i, I (2), 11 V(112), IV (120), III (126) ; chiefly quinions ; final three leaves originally left blank ; lacks proper catchwords but but last word of final line on the verso of each leaf is usually repeated at the beginning of the first line on the following recto ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes front flyleaf and skips two pages between pp.239-240).


Written in 19 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; on main clear Turkish hand, some sections likely supplied in other hands ; mainly serifless ; very slight effect of tilt to the left, occasionally more exaggerated ; mainly closed counters ; occasional hāʼ mudghamah looking like two inverted commas ; occasional very slight effect of words descending to baseline ; many descenders tapered ; final yāʼ and alif maqsūrah mardūdah ; some variation in line thickness.


Keywords, section headings and abbreviations symbols rubricated ; some notabilia and marginal corrections also in red ink ; textual dividers in the form of red commas.


European laid paper with 12 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines spaced 24 mm. apart (horizontal) ; watermark with crown above bar above grapes or pendant ; lightly sized and burnished.


Pasteboards covered in laid paper with red-brown leather over spine, fore-edge flap, and edges/turn-ins ; Type II binding (with flap) ; dark blue-green paper over envelope flap ; upper board lining and interior of envelope flap in pink-tinted laid paper, lower board lining in yellow-tinted laid paper ; upper and lower covers and bear traces of blind-stamped scalloped mandorla, with frame in a series of s-shaped stamps defined by tooled fillets ; design continues on envelope flap ; doublures (board linings) also bear blind-stamped scalloped mandorla with accompanying pendants and cornerpieces, along with border in a series of tooled fillets ; design continues on interior of envelope flap ; sewn in yellow thread, two stations ; worked endbands in red and green, in poor condition ; overall in very poor condition with significant abrasion, lifting and losses of paper and leather (particularly at foreedge flap), severe delamination of boards, staining, upper cover detaching at spine, some negative draw in upper cover, etc. ; various repairs, also damaged.

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 62. Marah al-arwah."


As appears in colophon on p.247, Sharḥ ʻAbd al-Raḥmān copied by Muṣṭafá ibn Ḥasan al-Wāfī [Mustafa Hasan Vafi]. Transcription finished 1132 [1719 or 20]. As appears on p.6, opening work completed 1175 [1761 or 2].

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 62. Marah al-arwah." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "333" in Western numerals on front flyleaf (p.1) ; on paper (blue-tinted) pasted on 'title page' (p.7), a detailed waqf statement in the name of al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Adīb (Abdullah Edip), known as Jannatʹzādah (Cennet-zade), qāḍī of Erzurum, accompanied by his seal, reads: "وقفت وقفا صحيحا شرعيا على ان لا يخرج من بيت الكتب الملتصق بداري الا لعلماء سكنوا بارضروم بكفيل مرعى اورهن قوي وانا الفقير اليه عز شانه السيد عبد الله اديب الشهير بجنت زاده القاضي بمدينة ارضروم في سنة اثنى وستين ومائتين والف" ; also on 'title page' (p.7) ownership statement in red ink reads "ملكته في سنة ١١٧٥" ; extensive marginal and interlinear glosses and corrections ; occasional notabilia (side-heads) often rubricated.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Ibn Masʻūd, Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī,--13th cent.--Marāḥ al-arwāḥ.
05--ابن مسعود، احمد بن علي.--مراح الارواح.
06--Mustafa Hasan Vafi,--fl. 1719 or 20,--scribe.
06--مصطفى بن حسن الوافي،--ناسخ.
Shayʼan lil-maṣādir al-madhkūrah fī Marāḥ al-arwāḥشيئا للمصادر المذكورة في مراح الارواحQaṣīdah malīḥah fī al-nafsقصيدة مليحة في النفس


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Related Works:


In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II, 21

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 16, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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