Isl. Ms. 4


Kitāb Maʻālim al-tanzīl,[late 17th century?].كتاب معالم التنزيل,[اواخر القرن 17م؟].


Baghawī, al-Ḥusayn ibn Masʻūd,d. 1117?بغوي, الحسين بن مسعود,ت. 1117?

Place/Date of Production:



407 leaves :paper ;285 x 175 (205 x 90) mm. bound to 285 x 180-190 mm.


Fine copy of the first three quarters of al-Baghawī's celebrated commentary on the Qurʼān. Third quarter appears incomplete as it ends abruptly in Sūrat Maryam (19).

Other Title(s):

Maʻālim al-tanzīlمعالم التنزيلEdge title:معالم التنزيل


Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Koran--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.


Headpieces (layout features)17th century.




Ms. codex.
Title from titlepiece on fol.1a (p.1).


"اخبرنا الشيخ الامام الفقيه ... المريدي رحمه الله تعالى قال اخبرنا الشيخ الامام ... الهرري قرأة عليه قال ثنا شيخنا الامام ... ابو محمد الحسين بن مسعود المعروف بالفرا رضي الله عنه اجازة ان لم يكن سماعا قال الحمد لله ذي العظمة والكبرياء والعزة والبقاء ... اما بعد فان الله جل ذكره ارشد رسوله بالهدى ودين الحق رحمة للعالمين ..."


"واني خفت الموالي والموالي بنو العم وقال مجاهد العصبة وقال ابو صالح الكلالة وقال الكلبي الورثة"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


1. fol.1a-fol.357b : al-Rubʻ [al-awwal wa-]al-thānī min Tafsīr al-Baghawī.
2. fol.358a-fol.358b : [blank].
3. fol.359a-fol.405b : al-Juzʼ al-thālith min Maʻālim al-tanzīl fī tafsīr al-Qurʼān.
4. fol.406a-fol.407b : [blank].

Physical Details:

35 V (350), IV(358), 4 V(398), IV+1 (407) ; chiefly quinions ; quire numbering in the form of Hindu-Arabic numerals accompanying an initial kāf appearing in the upper outer corner of the recto of the first leaf of each quire from quire 2 through quire 12 ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts).


Written in 35 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; elegant Turkish or Persian hand ; virtually serifless, but head-serifs appearing irregularly on final alif (left-sloping), lām of definite article, etc. ; mainly closed counters ; some sweeping descenders ; free assimilation of some letters including final alif and following alif or lām, final hāʼ and dāl, etc.


Simple illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) on fol.1b (p.2) consisting of scalloped semi-circular piece (dome) in gold, outlined in red and surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) in blue ; written area of incipit and facing page bordered in frame with gold band outlined by black, red, and blue fillets ; textual dividers in the form of discs, commas, etc. in red and green ; text rubricated with headings, keywords, overlining, text of Qurʼān being commented upon, etc. in red ; some notabilia (side-heads) and keywords in green.


European laid paper in what appears to be several types with spacing of chain lines ranging from 16-20 mm. apart to 27-28 mm. apart and spacing of laid lines ranging from 9 laid lines per cm. to 12 laid lines per cm. ; numerous watermarks including three hats, horn, three circles with initials and cross above, etc. ; various types seem fairly evenly distributed throughout the codex, even within each quire ; crisp and not too thick, though sturdy ; varying from lightly burnished to well-burnished and nearly glossy ; some leaves with a yellowish tint ; some staining and leather burn.


Pasteboards covered in tan brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings and interior of flap in yellow paper ; upper and lower covers bear large, blind-stamped, scalloped mandorla with red-brown leather recessed onlays and gold-painted accents, along with guilloché roll border consisting of a series of s-shaped stamps ; sewn in pink and yellow-brown thread, two stations ; endbands in cream, headband partly gone, only traces of primaries and core remain for tailband ; in poor condition with abrasion, staining, severe lifting and losses of leather at fore-edge flap, upper cover fully detached, delamination of boards, some loose quires, and spine slant (cocked) ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Folded scrap with sums (paginated pp.113-116) -- b. Entire quaternion from another manuscript (paginated pp.337-352) -- c. Folded slip with "دعاء ايمان" (paginated pp.483-486).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 27. Maalim al-tanzil."


Lacks dated colophon. Paper and ownership statements suggest late 17th century.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on inner front cover, "British Museum, London. No. 27. Maalim al-tanzil." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "234" in Western numerals on fol.1a (p.1) ; also on fol.1a (p.1) ex libris for the manuscript's patron, Muṣṭafá Aghā ibn Qāsim Aghā, reads "برسم الجناب العالي صاحب الفضل المتوالي ... حضرة مصطفى اغا ابن المحفوف بالرحمة العزاء المغفور له قاسم اغا ابقاه الله البقاء الجميل ..." ; also on fol.1a (p.1) ownership statement "ثم دخل الى ملك العبد الفقير الشيخ مصطفى ابن الشيخ محمد الارزنجاني عفي عنهما" and waqf statement (dated 1st of Dhū al-Ḥijjah 1115 H [April 1704 M]) both in name of al-Shaykh Muṣṭafá ibn al-Shaykh Muḥammad al-Arzanjānī, each accompanied by rectangular seal impression in his name (repeated elsewhere throughout) ; also on fol.1a (p.1) unpointed statement reading "الفقير اليه اغا [؟] عبد المفتى ارزنجانى" ; a few marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Muṣṭafá Aghā ibn Qāsim Aghā,--patron.
05--مصطفى اغا بن قاسم اغا،--راع.


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

06 Muṣṭafá ibn Muḥammad al-Arzanjānī, fl. 1704, former owner. 06 مصطفى بن محمد الارزنجاني، مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I, 447

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on July 26, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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