Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 464

Title:

al-Juzʼ al-thānī min Kitāb Mafātiḥ al-ghayb fī tafsīr al-Qurʼān al-majīd,[late 13th or early 14th century?].الجزء الثاني من كتاب مفاتح الغيب في تفسير القرآن المجيد,[اواخر القرن 13م أو اوائل القرن 14م؟].

Author:

Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar,1149 or 50-1210.رازي، فخر الدين محمد بن عمر.

Place/Date of Production:

[12-- or 13--?].

Size:

157 leaves :paper ;245 x 185 (195 x 135) mm.

Summary:

Fine copy of a second volume of al-Rāzī's celebrated commentary on the Qurʼān, from the opening of Sūrat al-Baqarah (2) through verse 144.

Other Title(s):

Mafātīḥ al-ghayb.juzʼ 2مفاتيح الغيب.جزء 2Edge title:مفاتح الغيبTafsīr al-kabīr

Subject(s):

Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Koran--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title from 'title page' fol.1a (p.3).

Incipit:

"قوله تعالى الم فيه مسألتين المسألة الاولى اعلم ان الالفاظ التي يتهجي بها اسماء مسمياتها الحروف المبسوطة"

Explicit:

"المسألة الثانية عشرة إذا توجه إلى جهة ثم تغير اجتهاده وهو في الصلاة فعليه أن ينحرف ويتحول ويبني لأن عارض الاجتهاد لا يبطل السابق، فكذلك فيمن صدق مخبراً ثم جاء آخر نفسه إليه أسكن فأخبره بخلافه، فهذا ما يتعلق بالمسائل المستنبطة من هذه الآية في حكم الاستقبال والله أعلم"

Colophon:

"Scribal," reads: "تم الجزء الثاني بحمد الله ومنه وفضله ويتلوه [؟] في الجزء الثالث قوله سبحانه وتعالى حيث ما كنتم قولوا وجوهكم سطره والحمد لله رب العالمين والصلوة على اشرف المرسلين محمد خاتم النبيين واله وصحبه اجمعين وسلم تسليما كثيرا"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

i, V-1 (9), III (15), 14 V(155), I (157), i ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present, appear throughout the first quire, in all subsequent quires appear only on the verso of the final leaf of each quire ; catchword at fol.115b (p.232) does not match with what follows, which may indicate a missing quire ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves).

Layout:

Written in 25 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Naskh ; elegant Yemeni hand (?) ; unvocalized and very casually pointed ; most notable for the frequent horizontal elongation of letters, e.g. sīn within a word, tāʼ, thāʼ, and bāʼ at the ends of words, etc. ; descenders are often quite elongated and curvilinear and final descender letters (ahdāb) are often disproportionately larger than other letters.

Decoration:

Text rubricated with section headings and keywords (e.g. "المسئلة الخامسة" or "قوله تعالى") in red ; three circles and single circles appearing in margin (likely collation marks) also in red.

Support:

non-European (Arab?) laid paper, the lines of which are difficult to describe neatly ; horizontal laid lines 20 in roughly 27 mm. ; chain lines may be sets of three and two, with chains spaced 12-15 mm. apart, distance between the groups is difficult to discern.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in laid paper ; upper and lower covers carry tooled central circular decoration (shamsah) with neither lobed edge nor pendants but filled with geometric interlace forming an octagonal pattern incorporating epigraphic stamps (compare Weisweiler 17-20) ; these stamps are repeated at the four corners of the elaborate blind-stamped border consisting of a series of vegetal stamps separated by incised fillets (compare no.31 as well as nos. 32-35 in Bosch, et al.) ; sewn in yellow then blue thread, two stations ; headband gone, tailband in blue largely survies ; in poor condition ; upper cover is extremely worn and has suffered losses ; spine has been partially repaired with a red, fabric-based tape ; porition of fore-edge flap remains, though it has been covered with a different brown leather, as has the rest of the spine ; threads of the first few quires are loose.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas. -- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover, "IL 353" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).

Origin:

Colophon provides no information on copyist or date of copying ; paper suggests late 13th or 14th century. An ownership notice below the colophon on fol.157b (p.316) appears to be dated 709 H [1309 or 10 M] and provides a rough terminus ante quem.

Ownership and History:

Ownership statements on fol.1a (p.3) include "من كتب محمد بن كمال الدين الكبيسي ..." in name of Kamāl al-Dīn al-Kubaysī and "من منن الله اللطيف على عبده الضعيف المعترف بالخطا الفقير عطا العلوانى عفي عنه" in name of ʻAṭā al-ʻAlwānī ; collation statements "بلغ مقابلة", "قوبل وصح", "بلغ معارضة بالاصل", etc. (supplied in virtually the same hand, likely that of the copyist) appear at the end of each quire, bottom right corner of the verso of the last leaf, except for the final quinion and bifolium (see fol.9b (p.20), etc.) ; possible collation marks (three circles and single circle) appear in the margins ; study/reading (?) notice date 709 H [1309 or 10 M] appears below colophon on fol.157b (p.316) reads " تامله [؟] الفقير الى الله الغني احمد بن اسمعيل بن عبد الله بن محمد المفتى المالكي تجاوزه الله عز شانه في شهور [؟] سنة تسع وسبعمائة ..." ; waqf statement on back flyleaf (p.318) reads "وقف هذا الكتاب عبد الرحمن افندى بن شيخ مصطفى وقفا صح لا يباع ولا يرهن فمن بدله بعد ما سمع وانما اثمه على الذين [كذا] تحرير في اواسط شهر رجب سنة ثمانين ومئتين وألف ..." ; occasional corrections throughout.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

05 Kamāl al-Dīn al-Kubaysī, former owner. 06 ʻAṭā al-ʻAlwānī, former owner. Yahuda, A. S., former owner. 05 كمال الدين الكبيسي، مالك سابق. 06 عطا العلواني، مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Bosch, Carswell, & Petherbridge. Islamic Bindings and Bookmaking (1981),no. 31 ; nos. 32-35Brockelmann, C. GAL,I, 506Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,vi 5 ; ii 373Brit. Mus. Suppl.111

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Posted by evyn on July 21, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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