Isl. Ms. 139


[al-Kāfiyah maʻa al-Miṣbāḥ maʻa al-ʻAwāmil maʻa al-Iẓḥār,16th century?].[الكافية مع المصباح مع العوامل مع الاظهار,القرن 16م؟].


Ibn al-Ḥājib, ʻUthmān ibn ʻUmar,1175-1249.ابن الحاجب، عثمان بن عمر.

Place/Date of Production:



174 leaves :paper ;170 x 110 (75-125 x 45-65) mm. bound to 170 x 120 mm.


Fine multi-work codex containing several works on grammar, namely the Kāfiyah of Ibn al-Ḥājib, the Miṣbāḥ of al-Muṭarrizī, al-ʻAwāmil al-miʼah [Miʼat ʻāmil] of ʻAbd al-Qādir al-Jurjānī, and Iẓhār al-asrār of Birgevi Mehmet Efendi.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.3):كافية مع شرح


Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Syntax--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.




Ms. composite codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.
Shelfmark: Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, Special Collections Library, Isl. Ms. 139


"الكلمة لفظ وضع لمعنى مفرد وهي اسم وفعل وحرف ..."


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1. p.4-p.149 : [al-Kāfiyah] / Jamāl al-Dīn ʻUthmān ibn ʻUmar Ibn al-Ḥājib.
2. p.150-p.151 : [originally left blank].
3. p.152-p.225 : [al-Miṣbāḥ fī al-naḥw] / Nāṣir ibn ʻAbd al-Sayyid al-Muṭarrizī.
4. p.226-p.227 : [originally left blank].
5. p.228-p.260 : [al-ʻAwāmil al-miʼah] / ʻAbd al-Qāhir ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Jurjānī.
6. p.261-p.267 : [originally left blank].
7. p.268-p.343 : [Iẓhār al-asrār] / Birgevi Mehmet Efendi.
8. p.344-p.346 : [originally left blank].

Physical Details:

i, 5 V(50), IV (58), V (68), III (74), 4 V(114), IV (122), III+3 (131), I (133), 1 (134), IX (152), V (162), VI (174) ; catchwords mainly present (absent or cutoff in al-ʻAwāmil) ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes front flyleaf and skips two pages between pp.157-158 and pp.121-122).


Written in 7 [al-Kāfiyah], 11 [al-Miṣbāḥ], 7 [al-ʻAwāmil] and 11-13 [al-Iẓhār] lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Nastaʻlīq, naskh-nastaʻlīq and naskh ; several hands ; extensively vocalized.


Keywords, section headings and abbrevation symbols rubricated ; written area surrounded by red-rule border (including margins) ; simple headpiece (ʻunwān) in red ink on p.268, carries title.


European laid paper of several types ; one type with 9-10 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart (horizontal), bird [?] on triple mount in circle watermark ; another type with 7-8 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart (horizontal), anchor in circle with star above [?] (compare Piccard no.119016) ; another type with 10 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 31-32 mm. apart (horizontal), bull's head with eyes and mouth, 5-lobed flower on rod above ; still another type with 8 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), chain lines spaced 26 mm. apart (vertical), lion passant above a tied bow (ribbon).


Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in laid paper ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped scalloped mandorla filled with vegetal composition (compare Déroche class. OAi 4) ; flap in different design with gold-painted red leather onlays ; sewn in light pink thread, two stations ; worked endbands, quite soiled but intact ; overall in poor condition with abrasion, lifting of leather, delamination of boards, warping in textblock, etc. ; repairs in various leathers (brown, tan, red, etc.).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 68. Alfiyah, Misbah, Miat Amil, & Izhar." ; "٥٩۱" on tail of textblock.


Lacks dated colophon. Dated study/reading note on p.151 provides a terminus ante quem of 5 Ramaḍān 1045 [ca. 12 February 1636]. Paper suggests late 15th century, turn of the 16th century and late 16th century.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 68. Alfiyah, Misbah, Miat Amil, & Izhar." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "441" in Western numerals on upper board lining ; circular waqf-seal impression in black ink appears on ’title page’ (p.3) and several places throughout, reads: "هذا وقف الراجي فيض الصمدي الشيخ احمد ضيا الدين ابن مصطفى الخالدي فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه فانما اثمه على الذين يبدلونه" in name of Aḥmad Ḍiyāʼ al-Dīn ibn Muṣṭafá al-Khālidī (i.e. Ahmed Ziyâüddîn Gümüşhanevî, d. 1893 or 4) ; study/reading note on p.151 dated 5 Ramaḍān 1045 [ca. 12 February 1636] ; on p.346 ownershp statement reads "صاحب ومالك سليمان افندى" ; all but final work extensively glossed (marginal and interlinear), with glosses often very decoratively arranged (especially in al-Kāfiyah) ; occasional marginal corrections ; occasional notabilia (some rubricated).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

03--Muṭarrizī, Nāṣir ibn ʻAbd al-Sayyid,--1144-1213.--Miṣbāḥ fī al-naḥw.
04--Jurjānī, ʻAbd al-Qāhir ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān,---1078?--ʻAwāmil al-miʼah.
05--Birgivî Mehmet Efendi,--approximately 1522-1573.--Iẓhār al-asrār.
03--مطرزي، ناصر بن عبد السيد.--مصباح في النحو.
04--جرجاني, عبد القاهر بن عبد الرحمن,--عوامل المائة.
05--برکوي، محمد إفندي.--إظهار الأسرار.


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 303 ; SI 531Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 293 ; SI 514Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 288Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 441 ; SII 655

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Posted by evyn on July 12, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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