Isl. Ms. 138


[Kitāb al-Ḍawʼ,18th century].[كتاب الضوء,القرن 18م].


Isfarāyīnī, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad,d. 1285..اسفراييني، محمد بن محمد

Place/Date of Production:



160 leaves :paper ;202 x 150 (141 x 51) mm. bound to 202 x 155 mm.


Fine copy of al-Isfarāyīnī's (d.1285) commentary on al-Misbāḥ fī al-naḥw, a treatise on grammar by al-Muṭarrizī (d.1213).

Other Title(s):

Ḍawʼ al-Miṣbāḥضوء المصباحTitle above opening on incipit page [mistakenly skipped in pagination]:كتاب ضوء


Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Muṭarrizī, Nāṣir ibn ʻAbd al-Sayyid,--1144-1213.--Miṣbāḥ fī al-naḥw.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


"ان احق ما يتوشح بذكره صدور الكتاب والدفاتر ... حمد الله تعالى على زواهر اياديه ... اما بعد فان نوع الادب على كثرة شجونه ..."


"هذا باب الاطناب فيه مجال لكنه يقضي الى الملك فاقتصرت على هذا القدر فليس الرأي عن التشاق [؟] تم ضوء والله اعلم بالصواب"


"Scribal," rectangular, reads: "تمت هذا الكتاب بفضل الله في يوم سبعة عشر في شهر ربيع الاخر المبارك تاريخ سنة [۱۱۲٥؟] كتب على يد عبد الضعيف محتاج الى رحمة الله تعالى اسماعيل بن حسن بن مصطفى رحمة الله على اجداد [كذا] ولوالديه ولاستاذه ولشركائه ولجميع المؤمنين والمؤمنات وبالله التوفيق وهو نعم الرفيق تمت"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

16 V (160), i ; exclusively quinions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes back flyleaf and inserts ; skips two pages between pp.3-4 and pp.23-24 and omits p.58).


Written in 15 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh-nastaʻlīq and naskh ; at least two hands ; elegant naskh-nastaʻlīq, virtually serifless, with mainly closed counters, effect of tilt to the right and of words descending to baseline, and elongation of horizontal strokes ; at p.98 hand changes to naskh, also serifless, neat and compact, fairly rounded, with mainly closed counters and slight effect of tilt to the left ; bowl of final nūn often forms a closed circle around the point.


Headings, keywords, abbreviation symbols and some marginalia rubricated ; textual divders in the form of three inverted commas ; written area surrounded by red rule-border (through p.217).


European laid paper with 13 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart (horizontal) ; watermarks include coat of arms with lions flanking cross above circles ; well-sized and burnished ; some staining, smudging and water damage (particularly pp.61-66).


Pasteboards covered in red leather and laid paper ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in magenta laid paper ; upper and lower covers bear central blind-stamped panel (lozenge-shaped) filled with vegetal decoration (compare Déroche class. OSd) and surrounded by tooled star or rosette accents ; sewn in light pink thread, two stations ; worked endbands in red and light blue, fully intact and in fair condition ; overall in fair to poor condition with some abrasion, lifting and losses of paper and leather, delamination of boards, minor spine slant (slightly cocked), etc.

Accompanying Materials:

Scrap with notes inserted (paginated pp.226-227).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 138. Kitab al-dau, with glosses."


As appears in colophon on p.319, copied by Ismāʻīl ibn Ḥasan ibn Muṣṭafá. Transcription finished 17 Rabīʻ II [year severly obscured with ink smudged and lifted, but may read 1125? = May 1713]. Paper suggests 18th century.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 138. Kitab al-dau, with glosses." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "198" in Western numerals on front flyleaf (p.1) ; on paper (blue-tinted) pasted on 'title page' (p.3), a detailed waqf statement in the name of al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Adīb (Abdullah Edip), known as Jannatʹzādah (Cennet-zade), qāḍī of Erzurum, accompanied by his seal, reads: "وقفت وقفا صحيحا شرعيا على ان لا يخرج من بيت الكتب الملتصق بداري الا لعلماء سكنوا بارضروم بكفيل مرعى اورهن قوي وانا الفقير اليه عز شانه السيد عبد الله اديب الشهير بجنت زاده القاضي بمدينة ارضروم في سنة اثنى وستين ومائتين والف ارضروم" ; also on 'title page' (p.3) an ownership statement in the name of the copyist, Ismāʻīl ibn Ḥasan al-Awlawī, reads: "من كتب الفقير الى الله القدير اسماعيل بن حسن الاولوى غفر هما الله الغني وجميع المؤمنين والمؤمنات والمسلمين والمسلمات" ; extensive marginal glosses and corrections through p.183.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


05 Ismāʻīl ibn Ḥasan ibn Muṣṭafá al-Awlawī, scribe, former owner. 05 اسماعيل بن حسن بن مصطفى الاولوى، ناسخ، مالك سابق.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 293 ; SI 514Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,1708

Posted by evyn on July 12, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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