Isl. Ms. 136


Ḥall maʻāqid al-Qawāʻid,[972, i.e. 1564 or 1565].حل معاقد القواعد,[972ه, 1564 أو 1565م].


Zīlī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad,d. 1600 or 1601زيلي، احمد بن محمد.

Place/Date of Production:

[1564 or 1565].


72 leaves :paper ;212 x 160 (149 x 99) mm.


Fine copy of Shams al-Dīn Abū al-Thanāʼ Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Zīlī al-Shamsī's (d.1600) commentary on Ibn Hishām's (d.1360) grammatical treatise on inflection and the Arabic sentence.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.3):شرح قواعد الاعراب المسمى بحل المعاقدTitle from inscription on 'title page' (p.3):قواعد اعراب شرح حل معاقدTitle from inscription on 'title page' (p.3):حل معاقد شرح قواعد الاعراب


Arabic language--Inflection--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ibn Hishām, ʻAbd Allāh ibn Yūsuf,--1309-1360--Iʻrāb ʻan qawāʻid al-iʻrāb.




Ms. codex.
Title from opening on p.6.


"الحمد لله الذي رفع اسماء العلماء ... وبعد فيقول العبد المحتاج الى ربه الغني ابو الثناء احمد بن محمد الملتجئين الى لطفه الخفي ان المختصر الموسوم بالقواعد للامام الهمام ابن هشان ... لما كان قليل الحجم في المقدار جليل السهم في اثار ... سألني بعض الاخوان في الطريق واخلص الخلان في المضيق عند قراءته على ان اشرحه شرحا يبين التقسيمات في القواعد ويرفع النقاب عن وجوه مخدرات الامثلة والشواهد ... فضممتها في ضمن ذلك العقد القليل حتى كاد يقال انه كتاب لا يحتاج الى المغني بل يشفى العليل وسميته بحل معاقد القواعد ..."


"ولقد احسن المصنف ... في ربط الخاتمة اذا علق في الفاتحة الاقتفاء جادت الصواب وفي الخاتمة الكافية بالتأمل تأمل هذا اخر ما يتيسر لنا ايراده لحمد الله ومنه"


"Scribal," triangular, reads: "وقد وقع الفراغ من كتابة هذه الاوراق بقدرة العالي الخلاق على يد ... بن مولانا حسين بن محمد المحتاج الى رحمة خالق الخلائق في يوم الميثاق ... سنة ٩٧٢"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, 6V (60), V+1 (71), 1 (72), i ; chiefly quinions ; lacks proper catchwords, but last word of final line on the verso of each leaf is usually repeated at the beginning of the first line on the following recto ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves and insert following back flyleaf).


Written in 15-17 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh with influence of nastaʻlīq ; virtually serifless ; mainly closed counters ; slight effect of words descending to baseline ; elongation of horizontal strokes.


Keywords and notabilia (side-heads) rubricated ; textual divders in the form of inverted commas ; overlining in red.


European laid paper with 8-9 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart (horizontal) ; anchor in circle watermark (star above?) ; sturdy, thick and well-burnished.


Limp covers in brown leather (goat?) with spine in tan leather ; Type III binding (without flap) ; linings in laid paper ; sewn in pink [?] thread, two stations ; worked endbands in light blue and cream, headband entirely gone, tailband in fair condition ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion, water damage, etc. ; housed in envelope.

Accompanying Materials:

Slip with notes and exercises inserted after back flyleaf (paginated pp.149-150).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 81. Explanations of Irab an kawaid." ; "٥٩٩" on tail of textblock.


As appears in colophon on p.146, transcription finished 972 [1564 or 5]. Name of copyist has been rendered virtually illegible.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 81. Explanations of Irab an kawaid." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "410" in Western numerals on 'title page' (p.3) ; circular waqf-seal impression in black ink appears on ’title page’ (p.3) and several places throughout, reads: "هذا وقف الراجي فيض الصمدي الشيخ احمد ضيا الدين ابن مصطفى الخالدي فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه فانما اثمه على الذين يبدلونه" ; ownership statement on 'title page' (p.3) reads "من كتب الفقير عبد الله بن محمد سعيد" ; oval seal impression in black ink on p.5 "السيد احمد" ; ownership statement below colophon on p.146 reads "صاحبه ومالكه عثمان بن مصطفى بن بر احمد ده ده" (scribal verses in same hand) ; numerous marginal and interlinear glosses and corrections ; notabilia (side-heads) appear throughout ; kabīkaj invocation "يا كبيكج" on 'title page' (p.3).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

05 Abdullah bin Mehmet Sait, former owner. 06 Osman Mustafa bin Pir Ahmet Dede, former owner. 05 عبد الله بن محمد سعيد, مالك سابق. 06 عثمان بن مصطفى بن پير احمد ده ده, مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 24Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,1/81

Posted by evyn on July 12, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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