Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 123

Title:

Kitāb al-Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ wa-al-qābūs al-wasīṭ fī al-lughah,[934, i.e. 1528].كتاب القاموس المحيط والقابوس الوسيط في اللغة,[934ه, 1528م].

Author:

Fīrūzābādī, Muḥammad ibn Yaʻqūb,1329-1414 or 15..فيروزابادي، محمد بن يعقوب

Place/Date of Production:

[1528].

Size:

478 leaves :paper ;283 x 180 (205 x 123) mm. bound to 283 x 185 mm.

Summary:

Elegant copy of al-Fīrūzābādī’s (d.1414 or 15) renowned dictionary of the Arabic language. Preceded by a commentary on the dictionary's preface by ʻĪsá ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥīm (see Kashf al-ẓunūn 2/1308 and GAL, S II 234) and a biographical entry for al-Fīrūzābādī, both copied much later than the main text and supplied on added leaves.

Other Title(s):

Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ.قاموس المحيطEdge title (tail):كتاب قاموس اللغةTarjamat al-muʼallif al-Fīrūzābādī

Subject(s):

Arabic language--Dictionaries--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title from titlepiece on 'title page' (p.25).

Incipit:

[Sharḥ Khuṭbat al-Qāmūs] "الحمد لله وسلام على عباده الذين اصطفى ولمياء منهم يزول قلق الرب ويحصل طأمنينة اليقين والشفاء اما بعد فقد سألني بعض الاخوان من اعيان الزمان ان اشرح لهم خطبة القاموس ..." ; [al-Qāmūs] "الحمد لله منطق البلغاء باللغي في البوادي ومودع اللسان اللسن الهوادي ... وبعد فان للعلم رياضا وحياضا ...والفت هذا الكتاب محذوف الشواهد مطروح الزوائد ... واسميته القاموس المحيط لانه البحر الاعظم ..."

Explicit:

[al-Qāmūs] "لان قبلها كسرة تخلفها ويا الجزم المنبسط رأيت عبدي الله لم تسقط لانه لا خلف عنها"

Colophon:

[Sharḥ Khuṭbat al-Qāmūs] "Scribal," triangular, reads: "تمت الرسالة المنيفة الشريفة على يد احقر العباد واحوجهم علي بن محمد في يوم الثلثة في وقت الضحوة الكبرى في شهر صفر في سنة ست وستين ومائة والف" ; [Tarjamat al-muʼallif al-Fīrūzābādī] "Scribal," triangular, reads: "تمت هذه الرسالة الشريفة وقت العصر في شهر صفر سنة ست وستين ومائة والف تم تم تم تم تم تم" ; [al-Qāmūs] "Scribal," triangular, reads: "وكان الفراغ من كتابته في يوم الثلثاء بين الظهر والعصر السابع [؟] عشر من شهر ذي القعدة الحرام شهور سنة اربعة وثلاثين وتسع مائة ... على يد العبد الفقير الذليل الحقير المعترف بالعجز والتقصير الراجي عفو ربه العفو القدير من ليس لفضل مولاه ناسي احمد المدعو نجم الدين بن ابراهيم علم الدين العباسي عفا الله عنهما وغفر لهما وختم لهما بخير امين والحمد لله رب العالمين وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل وصلى الله وسلم على من لا نبي بعده واله وصحبه والتابعين بعده"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. p.2-p.17 : Sharḥ Khuṭbat al-Qāmūs / ʻĪsá ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥīm.
2. p.17-p.20 : Tarjamat al-muʼallif al-Fīrūzābādī.
3. p.21-p.24 : [blank].
4. p.25-p.953 : al-Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ wa-al-qābūs al-wasīṭ / al-Fīrūzābādī.
5. p.954-p.960 : [blank].

Physical Details:
Collation:

VI (12), 25 V(262), IV (270), 8 V(350), IV (358), 12 V(478) ; chiefly quinions ; final three leaves left blank ; Hindu-Arabic numerals appear irregularly at mid-quire ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts ; skips first leaf and two pages between pp.33-34).

Layout:

Written in 35 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Naskh ; fine Syrian or Yemeni hand (or Hijazi?) ; virtually serifless ; open counters ; pointing in distinct dots ; mainly tapered descenders ; fully vocalized ; added opening commentary supplied in a naskh with influence of nastaʻlīq, virtually serifless, with effect of words descending to baseline, mainly closed counters.

Decoration:

Illuminated titlepiece on 'title page' (p.25) consists of rectangular panel carrying the title and introducing the author "كتاب القاموس المحيط والقابوس الوسيط في اللغة مولفه" ; this panel serves as a headpiece (ʻunwān) for the rectangular, full-page panel below, which carries a biographical notice for the author ; elegant illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening of main text on p.26 consists of rectangular panel set in a well of narrow gold bands and surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) in blue ; rectangular panel bears cartouche carrying basmalah in white ink on a field of gold with swirling vegetal arabesque in green ; cartouche is flanked by vegetal accents in gold on a fields of blue ; entire panel surrounded by frame consisting of a central blue band with white cross pattern flanked by gold fillets ; written area throughout surrounded by frame consisting of gold band outlined by black fillets, with additional blue fillet appearing on incipit and facing page ; textual dividers in the form of gold dics appear on incipit and facing page ; text being commented upon in opening sharḥ, keywords, some entry/section headings, and abbreviations rubricated ; section headings and keywords occasionally chrysographed.

Support:

non-European laid paper (Persian?) with 8 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), curving and sagging at head and tail, irregular chain lines, crisp and somewhat translucent ; added leaves preceding main text in European laid paper with 7 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), chain lines spaced 21-22 mm. apart (vertical), and three crescent (tre lune) watermark ; some staining.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in dark olive green leather ; Type II binding (with flap, though now lost) ; doublures in red leather ; upper and lower covers bear large blind-stamped and gold-painted mandorla filled with floral vegetal composition (compare Déroche class. OAi 6) and surrounded by gold-painted accents, accompanied by gold-painted border of tooled fillets framing a roll in a series of s-shaped stamps ; doublures and interior of envelope flap carry simple border in tooled and gold-painted fillets ; sewn in pink thread, two stations ; worked endbands in lime green and red, fair condition ; overall in poor condition with lower cover fully detached at spine, upper cover also detaching, flap lost, some abrasion, staining, lifting and losses of leather, delamination of boards, pest damage, etc. ; repairs in tan leather ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

Scraps of paper inserted, some with notes (paginated pp.57-58, pp.261-262, pp.681-682) ; leaf from another ms. copy of this work also inserted (paginated pp.943-944).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 54. Al-Kamus al-muhit."

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.953, al-Qāmūs copied by Najm al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn ʻIlm al-Dīn Ibrāhīm al-ʻAbbāsī. Transcription finished ("wa-kāna al-farāgh min kitābatih...") 17 [?] Dhū al-Qaʻdah 934 [August 1528]. Lengthy authorial colophon also appears on p.953. As appears in colophons on p.17 and p.20, added opening commentary and biographical notice for al-Fīrūzābādī copied by ʻAlī ibn Muṣṭafá. Transcription finished Ṣafar 1166 [December 1752 or January 1753].

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 54. Al-Kamus al-muhit." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "497" in Western numerals on first of added leaves and on p.23 ; oval seal impression partially visible on p.23 ; waqf statement on ’title page’ (p.25) in name of al-Sayyid al-Ḥājj ʻAbd Allāh, muftī in Erzincan reads "قاموس المحيط وقف السيد الحاج عبد الله المفتى بكتب خانه المعموره بارزنجان" ; collation statement on p.25 ; occasional marginal corrections and glosses ; a few notabilia, some rubricated ; on p.955 collation statement with number of leaves in Turkish, likely signed by the collator [Muḥammad ibn Jaqr ibn Ḥusayn?] , reads "... درتيوز التمش سكز ورق كتبه الفقير محمد بن جقر [؟] بن الحاج حسين".

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--ʻĪsá ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥīm,--ca. 1591.--Sharḥ Khuṭbat al-Qāmūs.
04--عيسى بن عبد الرحيم،--شرح خطبة القاموس.
Tarjamat al-muʼallif al-Fīrūzābādī

Scribe(s):

05 Najm al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn Ibrāhīm al-ʻAbbāsī, fl. 1528, scribe. 06 ʻAlī ibn Muṣṭafá, fl. 1753 or 4, scribe. 05 نجم الدين احمد بن ابراهيم العباسي, ناسخ. 06 علي بن مصطفى، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,II, 181 ; S II 234Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,2/1308

Posted by evyn on July 12, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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