Isl. Ms. 121


[Sharḥ Ḥikmat al-ʻayn,17th century].[شرح حكمة العين,القرن 17م].


Bukhārī, Muḥammad ʻAlī ibn Mubārakshāh,d. ca. 1340.بخاري، محمد علي بن مباركشاه.

Place/Date of Production:



164 leaves :paper ;210 x 163 (125 x 61) mm. bound to 210 x 175 mm.


Fine copy of the commentary by Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Mubārakshāh al-Bukhārī (d. ca. 740/1340) on Ḥikmat al-ʻayn, the work of metaphysics and natural sciences by Najm al-Dīn ʻAlī ibn ʻUmar al-Kātibī al-Qazwīnī (d. 657/1276). Ends abruptly in "al-Baḥth al-thālith fī ithbāt al-nafs al-nāṭiqah".

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on upper board lining:حكمة العينTitle from fore-edge flap label:حكمة العين


Islam--Doctrines--Early works to 1800.
Islamic philosophy--Early works to 1800.
Islamic cosmology--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Qazwīnī, ʻAlī ibn ʻUmar,--1203 or 4-1276 or 7.--Ḥikmat al-ʻayn.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


"اما بعد حمدا لله فاطر ذوات العقول النورية ومظهر خفيات اسرار الربوبية ... فان المولى العلامة ملك المحققين افضل المتاخرين شمس الملة والدين محمد بن المباركشاه البخاري ... يقول قد التمس مني بعض اخواني في الدين ... ان اكتب لكتاب حكمة العين ... شرحا يذلل من الالفاظ صعابها ..."


"وان اردتم ما لا يتقسم الى اجزاء مختلفة بل متشابهة"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

6 IV (48), V (58), 2 IV(74), V (84), 10 IV (164) ; chiefly quaternions ; final word of last line of verso repeated at the beginning of the first line on following recto, but lacking in some sections ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes insert and mistakenly skips two pages between pp.195-196).


Written in 15 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).


Naskh ; bold Turkish (?) hand with Persianate features ; virtually serifless ; both open and closed counters ; tapered descenders ; kāf mashkūlah (mashqūqah) preferred with shaqq appearing even on final kāf ; lām alif ligature in which the tail of the lām curves around and descends to form the alif, terminating at the base of the lām and thus forming a closed loop ; dot of final nūn set low in bowl ; pointing mainly in bold distinct dots ; occasionally two dots appear as inverted comma ; rounded but upright ; mainly adhering to baseline but occasional descent letters or words to baseline.


Section headings, keywords, and abbreviation symbols rubricated ; overlining and textual dividers in the form of inverted commas in red.


European laid paper with 14-15 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines spaced roughly 24 mm. apart (horizontal) ; foolscap watermark (similar to Heawood 2022) ; fairly thick and burnished ; two added bifiolia (see pp.105-108 and pp.159-162) in a different European laid paper ; much tearing, staining, and moisture damage.


Pasteboards covered in brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in beige laid paper ; doublure hinges in brown leather ; upper and lower covers bear blind-stamped scalloped mandorla and pendants with floral vegetal composition (compare Déroche class. OSd 1), accompanied by border in tooled fillets framing a series of s-shaped stamps ; design continues on envelope flap ; sewn in dark blue thread, two stations, though most quires are quite loose ; worked endbands in red and green, in poor condition ; overall in poor condition with significant abrasion, staining, some lifting and losses of leather, etc. ; numerous repairs in tan leather ; quite ill-fitting and perhaps originally intended for a smaller codex.

Accompanying Materials:

Slip with writing exercises (paginated pp.121-122).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 66. Hikmat al-ain, with commentary."


Lacks dated colophon ; paper suggests latter 17th century (post 1650).

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 66. Hikmat al-ain, with commentary." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "368" in Western numerals on 'title page' (p.1) ; on blue-tinted paper pasted on ’title page’ (p.1), a detailed waqf statement in the name of al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Adīb (Abdullah Edip), known as Jannatʹzādah (Cennet-zade), qāḍī of Erzurum, accompanied by his seal, reads: "وقفت وقفا صحيحا شرعيا على ان لا يخرج من بيت الكتب الملتصق بداري الا لعلماء سكنوا بارضروم بكفيل مرعى اورهن قوي وانا الفقير اليه عز شانه السيد عبد الله اديب الشهير بجنت زاده القاضي بمدينة ارضروم في سنة اثنى وستين ومائتين والف" ; seal of Solomon inscription (with greatest name of God / al-Ism al-Aʻẓam) and kabīkaj invocation on 'title page' (p.1) ; includes interlinear and extensive marginal glosses ; occasional corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I, 466 / II. cmt. 1a

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on July 12, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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