Isl. Ms. 120


[Sharḥ al-Jighmīnī ... etc.,ca. 878, i.e. 1473 or 1474].[شرح الجغميني ... الخ,ح 878ه، 1473 أو 1474م].


Qāḍīʹzādah, Mūsá ibn Muḥammad,d. ca. 1436.قاضى زاده، موسى بن محمد.

Place/Date of Production:

[1473 or 1474].


100 leaves :paper ;182 x 136 (125-131 x 83) mm. bound to 182 x 138 mm.


Fine copy of two commentaries by Mūsá ibn Muḥammad Qāḍīʼzādah al-Rūmī (d. ca. 1436), the first on Maḥmūd ibn Muḥammad al-Jaghmīnī's (d. 1221?) al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʼah on astronomy and the latter on Ashkāl al-taʼsīs, selected theorems from Euclid's Elements by Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ashraf al-Samarqandī (13th cent.). Accompanied by assorted astronomical tables, another brief treatise, and the matn of al-Samarqandī's Ashkāl al-taʼsīs.

Other Title(s):

Edge title (head):قاضى زاده


Astronomy, Arab--Early works to 1800.
Mathematics, Arab--Early works to 1800.
Geometry--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Jighmīnī, Maḥmūd ibn Muḥammad,--d. 1221?--Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʼah.
Samarqandī, Muḥammad ibn Ashraf,--13th cent.--Ashkāl al-taʼsīs.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


"الحمد لله الذي جعل الشمس ضياء والقمر نورا ... وبعد فلا اقسم بمواقع النجوم ... الحمد هو الثناء باللسان على الجميل ..."


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1. p.4-p.128 : Sharḥ al-Jighmīnī / Qāḍīʹzādah.
2. p.129-p.132 : [assorted tables (jadāwil)].
3. p.133-135 : [blank].
4. p.136-p.139 : [brief treatise].
5. p.140-p.142 : [blank].
6. p.143-201 : [Sharḥ Ashkāl al-taʼsīs fī ʻilm al-handasah] / Qāḍīʹzādah.
7. p.202 : [originally blank, now carries diagram, etc.].
8. p.203-p.215 : Matn Ashkāl al-taʼsīs / Muḥammad ibn Ashraf al-Samarqandī.

Physical Details:

i, 6 V(60), IV-2 (66), III-2 (70), 2 V(90), II (94), III (100), i ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present (occasionally lacking) ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts and flyleaves ; skips from p.184 to p.187).


Written in 19-25 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh-nastaʻlīq and naskh ; several hands ; first work supplied in a naskh-nastaʻlīq, sparsely pointed, virtually serifless and freely ligatured, with mainly closed counters, effect of words descending to baseline, and elongation of horizontal strokes ; Sharḥ Ashkāl al-taʼsīs in naskh with influence of nastaʻlīq, Eastern or Transoxanian hand, virtually serifless, with mainly closed counters.


Keywords, abbreviations, and some notabilia (side-heads) rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of inverted commas and overlining in red ink ; numerous diagrams mainly in red ink.


non-European laid paper with 20 laid lines in 22-23 mm. (vertical) ; chain lines (horizontal) grouped in threes with 9-12 mm. between the chains and 47-48 between the groups ; staining and severe moisture damage (often obscuring text) ; occasional repairs.


Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather (interesting grain) ; perhaps Type II binding (with flap, though now lost [?]) ; board linings in laid paper over marbled paper ; upper and lower covers bear blind-stamped, scalloped mandorla filled with floral vegetal composition (compare Déroche class. OSv 1) ; sewn mainly in blue thread, two stations, with repaired sections in white thread, four stations ; worked endbands in light blue, in very poor condition and nearly lost ; overall in poor condition with flap entirely lost [?], severe moisture damage, much abrasion, staining, lifting and losses of leather, delamination of boards, etc. ; repair to spine in red leather ; ill-fitting and perhaps not original to codex.

Accompanying Materials:

Several inserted slips wtih notes, geometric diagrams, etc. (paginated pp.169-170, pp.171-172, pp.181-182, pp.183-184, pp.195-196, pp.217-218).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 148. Al-Mulakhkhas & Ashkal al-tasis." ; "٤٤٨" on tail edge.


As appears on p.201, transcription of Sharḥ ashkāl al-taʼsīs likely completed in 878 [1473 or 4]. Paper throughout certainly suggests 15th century.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 148. Al-Mulakhkhas & Ashkal al-tasis." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "456" in Western numerals on front flyleaf (p.1) ; book price on front flyleaf (p.1) ; circular waqf-seal impression in black ink appears on 'title page' (p.3) and several places throughout, reads: "هذا وقف الراجي فيض الصمدي الشيخ احمد ضيا الدين ابن مصطفى الخالدي فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه فانما اثمه على الذين يبدلونه" ; extensive marginal glosses and occasional corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Qāḍīʹzādah, Mūsá ibn Muḥammad,--d. ca. 1436.--Sharḥ Ashkāl al-taʼsīs fī ʻilm al-handasah.
05--قاضى زاده، موسى بن محمد.--شرح اشكال التأسيس في علم الهندسة.
06--Samarqandī, Muḥammad ibn Ashraf,--13th cent.--Ashkāl al-taʼsīs.
06--سمرقندي، محمد بن اشرف.--أشكال التأسيس.


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 212Brockelmann, C. GAL,I, 473 : 5/1, cmtre 1 ; S I, 865 : 5/1, cmtre 1aBrockelmann, C. GAL,I 468 ; S I 850

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on July 12, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

Total comments on this page: 1

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H. Mottaghi on paragraph 7:

شرح الملخص في الهيئة

March 2, 2012 6:11 pm

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