Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 244

Title:

[Calligraphic specimen,late 15th or early 16th century].[مرقع حسن الخط,اواخر القرن 15 او اوائل القرن 16م].

Place/Date of Production:

[Istanbul,1485-1520].

Size:

12 panels :paper ;238 x 175 (129 x 95) mm.

Summary:

Superb album of calligraphy (muraqqaʻ or murakkaa) employing mainly hadīth pertaining to sentiments of Kisrá Anūshirvān (Khosrow or Khusraw I, d.579), with most of the kıt'alar executed by the celebrated Ottoman calligrapher Şeyh Hamdullah of Amasya (d.1520).

Other Title(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Subject(s):

Hadith--Texts--Early works to 1800.
Calligraphy, Ottoman--Specimens.
Calligraphy, Arabic--Specimens.
Writing, Arabic--Specimens.
Islamic calligraphy--Specimens.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Khosrow--I,--King of Persia,--d. 579--Quotations.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.

Incipit:

[thuluth] "بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم سئل كسرى انوشروان ما ..." ; [naskh] "بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم وبه ثقتي وسئل كسرى ما بالكم اليوم اذ كنتم احق بتعليم الناس اشد استغلالا بالتعلم ..."

Explicit:

[thuluth] "الخط الحسن نزهة العين وريحانة القلوب انه ولي الهداية والتوفيق" ; [naskh] "اذا استشرت الجاهل اختار لك الباطل"

Colophon:

"Scribal," reads: "كتبها حمد الله المعروف بابن الشيخ حامدا الله تعالى على نعمه ومصليا على نبيه محمد واله الطيبين الطاهرين اجمعين"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

Twelve 'panels' hinged together in accordian format ; panels are numbered on the verso with Hindu-Arabic numerals in black ink beginning with ٣.

Layout:

Written mainly in 6 or 9 lines per page, a large line of thuluth and 5 or 8 compact lines of naskh (alternating pages carrying 5 or 8 lines) with lines in thuluth and those in naskh constituting two distinct streams of text ; written area divided into upper panel accommodating the large line and centered lower panel accommodating the more compact lines ; 8 lines of naskh mainly written on the diagonal.

Script:

Exquisite specimen of Ottoman calligraphy ; large line of each page in thuluth ; lines of each page in naskh ; fully vocalized ; each continues a distinct stream of text.

Decoration:

Gold-flecked or painted decorative papers often flank lower panel carrying lines of naskh ; written area (and panels within) surrounded by frames consisting of gold and red-orange rules ; textual dividers in the form of illuminated rosettes.

Support:

Well-burnished laid paper (repaired in many places) pieced and set into an elaborate frame of decorative papers, the outermost being richly colored marbled paper of several types and adjacent to it a border of pieced colored papers, some also gold-flecked ; other decorative papers fill the remaining areas surrounding the text ; specimens and borders mounted on leaves of well-burnished European laid paper.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in dark red-brown leather ; hinged together with red-brown leather in accordian format ; doublures in dark slate blue leather with border and area of mandorla and cornerpieces (on reverse) gold-flecked and lined in gold ; upper and lower covers carry superb stamped and gold-painted mandorla (filled with vegetal decoration, compare Déroche class. NSd 7), pendants and cornerpieces, along with gold-painted accents and tooled border in a series of s-shaped stamps approaching a guilloché roll ; overall in good condition with only minor abrasion and lifting of leather at board edges.

Former Shelfmarks:

"335 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" on verso of final panel ; "100" inscriped in pencil at opening.

Origin:

In colophon, attributed to "Ḥamd Allāh al-maʻrūf bi-Ibn al-Shaykh," Şeyh Hamdullah of Amasya, with date of transcription is not specified. Colophon is questionable though attribution for most of the kıta'lar is likely accurate would suggest completion in the late 15th or early 16th century. Pieced and mounted at a later date, even late 16th or 17th century, with some repairs and replacements supplied.

Ownership and History:

Inscriptions in pencil at opening "100" and on verso of final panel "335 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" ; possible inventory mark also on verso of final panel ; clean copy.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

In calligrapher:

04 Şeyh Hamdullah, 1436 or 7-1519 or 20. calligrapher. 04 شيخ حمد الله، خطاط.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.

References:

Derman, M. Uğur. Letters in gold : Ottoman calligraphy from the Sakıp Sabancı collection, Istanbul. (New York : Metropolitian Museum of Art : Distributed by H.N. Abrams, c1998),pp.46-49.Serin, Muhittin. “Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’ndeki Bazı Kütüphanelerde Bulunan İslam El Yazma Eserleri ve Michigan Üniversitesi II. Abdülhamid Koleksiyonu,” Akademik Araştırmalar Dergisi 2, 4-5, (2000).Serin, Muhittin. Hat sanatı ve meşhur hattatlar. Istanbul : Kubbealtı Neşriyâtı, 1999, pp.99-108

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Posted by evyn on July 12, 2010
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued

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