Isl. Ms. 86


Dhakhīrat al-ʻuqbá,[late 16th or early 17th century].ذخيرة العقبى,[اواخر القرن 16م أو اوائل القرن 17م].


Akhī Chalabī, Yūsuf ibn Junayd,d. ca. 1497.أخي چلبي، يوسف بن جنيد.

Place/Date of Production:

[1580 to 1620].


352 leavespaper ;210 x 150 (155 x 80-95) mm. bound to 210 x 159 mm.


Fine copy of the gloss by Yūsuf ibn Junayd Akhī Chelebi on Sharḥ al-Wiqāyah by Ṣadr al-Sharīʻah al-Aṣghar (al-Thānī) ʻUbayd Allāh ibn Masʻūd al-Maḥbūbī, itself a commentary on Wiqāyat al-riwāyah fī masāʼil al-Hidāyah by Maḥmūd ibn Ṣadr al-Sharīʻah al-Maḥbūbī, an epitome on the celebrated work of Ḥanafī fiqh, al-Hidāyah by ʻAlī ibn Abī Bakr al-Marghīnānī (see Isl. Ms. 97 for another ms. copy of this work).

Other Title(s):

From inscription on front flyleaf:Akhī Chalabī ʻalá Ṣadr al-Sharīʻahاخي چلبي على صدر الشريعةEdge title:Dhakhīrat al-ʻuqbá sharḥ Ṣadr al-Sharīʻahذخيرة العقبى شرح صدر الشريعة


Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Maḥbūbī, ʻUbayd Allāh ibn Masʻūd,--d. 1346 or 7.--Sharḥ al-Wiqāyah.
Burhān al-Sharīʻah, Maḥmūd ibn ʻUbayd Allāh,--d. 1274 or 5.--Wiqāyat al-riwāyah.
Marghīnānī, ʻAlī ibn Abī Bakr,--d. 1196 or 7.--Hidāyah.




Ms. codex.
Title from colophon on p.706 and edge title.


"الحمد لله الذى شرح صدر الشريعة الغراء ... وبعد فان تكميل النفوس الانسانية بالفضائل القدسية و تحليتها بالخصائل الانسية... فشرعت فيها ثانيا بعد ايابي من تلك الاراضي المقدسة ... وسميتها بذخيرة العقبى في شرح صدر الشريعة العظمى ..."


"وان لم يمتد اعتقاله او لم يعلم اشاراته لم يكن حكمه حكم الاخرين فلا يعتبر اشارته و كتابته الحمد لله الموصل بالاتمام قوله والمقيم الذي لا يموت ولا ينام قوله والكفيل الذي اوصل الارزاق للانام [؟] والعليم الذي يعلم بلا الحاف والزام [؟] والحكيم الذي لا يحكم بين خلقه بالاتقان والاحكام وصلى الله على نبيه المنعوت بالاختتام وعلى اله اصحابه الذين فازوا على قهر العدو بعناية الملك العلام"


"Authorial" followed by "Scribal," rectangular, "تم بحمد الله وعونه وحسن توفيقه وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد واله وصحبه وسلم قال الشيخ الامام الهمام عفى الله عنه يوسف بن جنيد عفى عنهما الحميد المجيد المدرس في احدى المدارس ... في بلدة القسطنطنية حرسها الله تعالى عن القلوب القاسية هذا اخر ما [...؟] لي في شرح صدر الشريعة المسمى بذخيرة العقبى ... وكان ابتداء التاليف تقريبا في احدى وتسعين [كذا] من الهجرة النبوية على صاحبها افضل الصلاة والسلام الى يوم الحشر والقيام. وقد وقع الفراغ من تحرير هذا الكتاب في اول رجب الفرد بتاريخ سنة ثمان و تسعمائة على يد افقر عباد الله تعالى و اضعفهم و احوجهم الى رحمة رب العالمين . . . قد وقع الفراغ من تنميق هذا الكتاب المسمى ذخيرة العقبى [كذا] الحشية لصدر الشريعة العظمى والمحشي اخي چلبي رحمه الله كتبه الفقير اليه تعالى مصطفى القاضي ..."


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Physical Details:

I+1 (3), V-1 (12), 3 V(42), IV(50), III(56), 8 V(136), II(140), V(150), VI(162), 3 V(192), IV(200), 3 V(230), II(234), 2 VI(258), V(268), I(270), 7 V(340), VI(352) ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present (occasionally correspond with second or third rather than first word of following page) ; foliation in Hindu-Arabic numerals in black ink (scribe's hand) starting after incipit (p.11) ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (pagination skips two leaves between p.41 and p.42, and includes inserts).


Written in 21 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).


Several different hands, as well as changes in ink and line thickness ; majority in a naskh-nastaʻlīq (talik) with closed counters, superscripting of final words of line, esentially sans serif ; a few other hands in naskh-nastaʻlīq (talik) appear, varying in size and elongation of horizontal strokes, with some exaggeration in thickness ; a few sections are supplied in a more standard naskh, though with slant to the left, mainly closed counters, occasional head-serifs on free-standing alif and initial lām ; hand first appears to change at p.44 and repeatedly thereafter, particularly in the latter quires (see pp.586-610, pp.611-624, pp.625-664, pp.665-684, etc.).


Red rule border appears for opening through p.48 ; textual divders in the form of inverted commas, stylized hāʼ, etc. ; text rubricated with keywords, textual dividers, notabilia, etc. in red.


European laid paper, a few different types ; one with very distinct laid lines (vertical) spaced roughly 9-10 laid lines per cm., chain lines spaced roughly 26-28 mm. apart, lightly burnished ; another thinner, more heavily burnished with roughly 12-13 laid lines per cm. (vertical, very fine and distinct) and chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart ; watermarks include crossbow (see p.220, compare Piccard no.123789), anchor in circle with trefoil above (p.196, compare Heawood 1 and 4) and figure (angel) in circle with "S c C" countermark (p.88/98, etc. matching Piccard no.21419 from Bari, 1587) ; loose leaves at beginning ; first two folia entirely detatched ; repairs made with similarly colored, laid paper ; water damage to head and tail of text, causing smudging of some glosses.


Pasteboards covered in black leather ; Type II binding (with flap, though only fore edge flap remains) ; board linings in blue and white shell marbled paper ; upper and lower covers bear blind-stamped scalloped mandorla with gold painted accents ; sewn in pink thread, two stations ; endbands in orange and white ; in poor condition, with envelope flap lost, abrasion on all corners of cover, tail end of spine missing and exposing deteriorating primaries.

Accompanying Materials:

Three slips, all paginated -- a. pp.23-24 blank paper -- b. pp.289-290 text in black ink on one side -- c. pp. 465-466 notes in black ink on one side.

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 16. Dakhirat al-ukba."


Authorial and scribal colophons appear on p.708, supplied by "Muṣṭafá al-Qāḍī" (qad waqaʻa al-farāgh min tanmīq hādhā al-kitāb...katabahu..."). Authorial colophon mistakenly claims composition begain in the year "91" Hijrī. Opening of scribal colophon (possibly transcribed verbatim from exemplar) suggests that transcription was finished ("qad waqaʻa al-farāgh min taḥrīr hādhā al-kitāb...") first of Rajab 908 [ca. 31 December 1502]. However, the paper, hand, etc. would more likely suggest a dating of late 16th or early 17th century, and perhaps the copyist intended 980 [ca. 7 November 1572] rather than 908.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on lower cover,"British Museum, London. No. 16. Dakhirat al-ukba." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "401" in Western numerals on front flyleaf recto ; on p.7, ownership statement (accompanied by oval seal impression and seal of Solomon inscription with greatest name of God / al-Ism al-Aʻẓam), in name of Muṣṭafá ibn ʻUthmān (Mustafa b. Osman), qāḍī in Çatalca, reads: "استصحبه الفقير اليه سبحانه مصطفى بن عثمان القاضي يومئذ بمدينة چتالچه عفى عنهما..." ; also on p.7 nearly effaced statement dated mid-Ramaḍān 1071 [May 1661] ; marginal and interlinear glosses throughout ; numerous interlinear corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

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Former Owner(s):

06 Mustafa bin Osman, former owner. 06 مصطفى بن عثمان، مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I, 376; II, 227 ; SII 318Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,iii 327; vi 460

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on April 19, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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