Isl. Ms. 77


Tanwīr al-baṣāʼir ʻalá al-Ashbāh wa-al-naẓāʼir,[early 17th century?].تنوير البصائر على الاشباه والنظائر,[اوائل القرن 17م؟].


Ghazzī, Sharaf al-Dīn ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir,d. 1596.غزي، شرف الدين بن عبد القادر.

Place/Date of Production:



203 leaves :paper ;208 x 160 (165 x 95) mm. bound to 208 x 164 mm.


Neat copy of the gloss by Sharaf al-Dīn ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-Ghazzī (d.1005/1596) on Ibn Nujaym's treatise on Ḥanafī law.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on inner upper cover:Ghazzī ʻalá al-Ashbāh wa-al-naẓāʼirغزي على الاشباه والنظائرTitle from inscription on fol.2a (p.3):Kitāb Tanwīr al-baṣāʼir ḥāshiyat al-Ashbāh wa-al-naẓāʼirكتاب تنوير البصائر حاشية الاشباه والنظائرTitle from label on fore edge flap:Ḥāshiyat Ashbāh yaʻnī Tanwīr al-baṣāʼirحاشية اشباه يعني تنوير البصائر


Islamic law--Early works to 1800.
Hanifites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ibn Nujaym, Zayn al-Dīn ibn Ibrāhīm,--d. 1563.--Ashbāh wa-al-naẓāʼir




Ms. codex.
Title from opening on fol.2b (p.4).


"الحمد لله الذي أهل الفضلا لادراك المعاني ومعارف الاقطار ... وبعد فيقول الراجي عفو ربه الغافر الفقير شرف الدين بن عبد القادر الغزي الحنفي ... اذ عرض لي خاطر ان اضع عليه حاشية فاهتزيت لذلك كالروض للامطار وسارعت [كذا] في امتثاله ولا الما [كالماء؟] للقرار سميتها تنوير البصائر على الاشباه والنظائر..."


"فبقيت اليمين فاذا تزوج بعد ذلك صحيحا وجد شرط حنثه وهو التزوج الصحيح فيحنث والله سبحانه وتعالى اعلم بالصواب واليه المرجع والماب وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد واله وصحبه سلم تسليما كثيرا امين تم"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

V+1 (11), 7 V(81), IV(89), 4 V(129), IV(137), 6 V(197), III (203) ; chiefly quinions ; initial leaf and final three leaves contains extratextual material on legal decisions, much in hand of copyist ; quire numbering, mainly black but occasionally red ink, in the form of Hindu-Arabic numerals appearing on the recto of the first folio of each quire ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization, mistakenly skips two pages (unmarked) between pp.99-100.


Written in 25 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; clear Turkish or Syrian hand (?) ; partially seriffed with right-sloping head serif on joined alif, lām ,etc. and sharp left-sloping head serif on alif of lām alif ligature ; the lām alif al-warrāqīyah preferred ; quite rounded ; freely ligatured ; slight effect of certain words descending to baseline, particularly words ending in descenders ; kāf mashkūlah preferred with bar of kāf often not fully joined to shaft ; mix of closed and open counters.


Textual dividers in the form of inverted commas ; text rubricated with keywords (قلت، فان قلت، الخ), overlining, textual dividers, etc. in red.


European laid paper with laid lines running vertically, spaced roughly 8 laid lines per cm. and chain lines running horizontally, spaced roughly 29 mm. apart ; anchor watermark (in circle, single line, with trefoil above [?] ; compare Heawood 2 and 4) ; only lightly burnished ; much staining and water damage (tide lines) ; quires loose, care should be taken to avoid loss and damage.


Pasteboards covered in dark red brown leather (edges and turn-ins) and laid paper ; Type II binding (with flap) ; sewing in cream thread, two stations ; endbands lacking ; in poor condition with leather lifting from spine exposing spine lining ; much abrasion, staining, moisture and pest damage ; cover completely detached from textblock exposing sewing.

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 76. Tanwir al-absar."


Lacks dated colophon ; very likely early 17th century as suggested by paper.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on inner front cover,"No. 76. Tanwir al-absar." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "128" in Western numerals on interior of upper cover ; book price inscribed on interior of upper cover in black ink, unpointed "قيمت غروش ..." ; traces of seal impression on fol.1a (p.1) ; possible ownership statement on fol.2a (p.3) ; on paper (tinted) pasted on fol.2a (p.3), a detailed waqf statement in the name of al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Adīb (Abdullah Edip), known as Jannatʹzādah (Cennet-zade), qāḍī of Erzurum, accompanied by his seal, reads: "وقفت وقفا صحيحا شرعيا على ان لا يخرج من بيت الكتب الملتصق بداري الا لعلماء سكنوا بارضروم بكفيل مرعى اورهن قوي وانا الفقير اليه عز شانه السيد عبد الله اديب الشهير بجنتزاده القاضي بمدينة ارضروم في سنة اثنى وستين ومائتين والف" ; occasional notabilia (side heads) marked "مطلب", many others unmarked and appearing to be in hand of copyist ; numerous marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

07--Ibn Nujaym, Zayn al-Dīn ibn Ibrāhīm,--d. 1563.--Ashbāh wa-al-naẓāʼir.
07--ابن نجيم, زين الدين بن ابراهيم,--ت. 1563.--اشباه والنظائر


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection


Brockelmann, C. GAL,SII 425 ; II 310, 312 ; SII 429

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on April 19, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

Total comments on this page: 2

How to read/write comments

Comments on specific paragraphs:

Click the icon to the right of a paragraph

  • If there are no prior comments there, a comment entry form will appear automatically
  • If there are already comments, you will see them and the form will be at the bottom of the thread

Comments on the page as a whole:

Click the icon to the right of the page title (works the same as paragraphs)


No comments yet.

Hashim Al-Tawil on whole page :

The title is kitab tanweer albasaa`ir كتاب تنوير البصائر وحاشية الاشباه والنظائر as indicated on page 4
and commentation on Kitab al-Ashbaah wa al-Nadhaa`ir for للإمام زين الدين بن إبراهيم بن محمد المعروف بابن نجيم المصري الحنفي، ولد سنة 926هـ. Ibn Nujaym al-Hanafi as indicated on page 4

May 24, 2010 9:57 pm
Hashim Al-Tawil on whole page :

The auther of this book {tanweer albasaa`ir} كتاب تنوير البصائر is Sharaf al-Din bin Abd Al-Qadir al-Ghizzi al-Hanafi ( as indicated on page 4)

May 24, 2010 10:01 pm

Comments are by invitation only.