Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 28

Title:

[Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah ... etc.,15th century].[شرح العقائد النسفية ... الخ,القرن 15م].

Author:

Taftāzānī, Masʻūd ibn ʻUmar,1322-1389?تفتازاني، مسعود بن عمر

Place/Date of Production:

[Şămkir,1449-1499].

Size:

165 leaves :paper ;225 x 145 (105-130 x 60-90) mm. bound to 225 x 153 mm.

Summary:

Well-glossed copy of al-Taftāzānī's commentary on the popular creed, al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah of Abū Ḥafs ʻUmar Najm al-Dīn al-Māturīdī al-Nasafī (d. 537/1142), preceded by the text of the ʻAqāʼid itself.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on p.1:كتاب العقائد النسفية

Subject(s):

Islam--Doctrines--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Nasafī, ʻUmar ibn Muḥammad,--1068?-1142.--ʻAqāʼid.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.

Incipit:

[al-ʻAqāʼid] "الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلوة والسلام على سيدنا محمد واله اجمعين قال اهل الحق حقائق الاشياء ثابتة والعلم بها متحقق خلافا للسوفسطائية ..." [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid] "الحمد لله المتوحد بجلال ذاته وكمال صفاته المتقدس في نعوت الجبروت عن شوائب النقص وسماته ... وبعد فان مبنى علم الشرائع والاحكام واساس قواعد عقائد الاسلام هو علم التوحيد ... وان المختصر المسمى بالعقائد للامام الهمام قدوة علماء الاسلام نجم الملة والدين عمر النسفي اعلى الله درجته في دار السلام يشتمل هذا الفن غرر الفرائد ودرر الفوائد في ضمن فصول هي للدين قواعد واصول ..."

Explicit:

[al-ʻAqāʼid] "ورسل البشر افضل من رسل الملائكة ورسل الملائكة افضل من عامة البشر وعامة البشر افضل من عامة الملائكة والله اعلم بالصواب واليه المرجع والمآب" [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid] "والكمال فلا دلالة على افضلية الملائكة والله اعلم بالصواب واليه المرجع والمآب"

Colophon:

[al-ʻAqāʼid] "Scribal," rectangular, reads: "حرره [؟] الفقير النحيف والحقير الضعيف كمال [؟] الحمري [؟] بن مولانا حسين الحمرى [؟] عفي عنهما الثالث من [...؟] لسنة [؟] ثلث واربعين وثمانمائة في ناحية شمكور ...حميت عن الآفات والبليات" ; [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid] "Scribal," rectangular, reads:"تم الكتاب بعون الملك الوهاب على يد اضعف الطلاب جرما واقواهم جرما المحتاج الى رحمة الله جار الله بن مولانا كمال الدين نور الله قبره في ناحية شمكور حميت عن الآفات في الايام والدهور"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. fol.1b-fol.6b : [al-ʻAqāʼid] / Abū Ḥafṣ ʻUmar Najm al-Dīn al-Māturīdī al-Nasafī.
2. fol.7a-fol.10a : [extratextual material, excerpts, etc.].
3. fol.10b-fol.163b : [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid] / Saʻd al-Dīn Masʻūd ibn ʻUmar al-Taftāzānī.
4. fol.164a-165b : [once blank, now carries extratextual material, excerpts, etc.].

Physical Details:
Collation:

IV+1 (9), 19 IV(161), II (165) ; chiefly quaternions ; what remains of final leaf now pasted to interior of lower cover ; catchwords occasionally present, otherwise last word of final line on verso repeated at beginning of top line on recto of following leaf ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts and skips two pages between pp.141-142).

Layout:

Written in 11 lines per page [the ʻAqāʼid] and 9-10 lines per page [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid] ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Naskh ; main texts of the ʻAqāʼid and Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid chiefly in two Caucasian hands ; both are virtually serifless with mainly closed counters, occasional sweeping descenders (final nun, etc.), free assimilation of some letters such as final hāʼ and preceding rāʼ, etc. and slight effect of words descending to baseline or tilt to the right (more pronounced in the hand of the ʻAqāʼid) ; casually pointed and often freely ligatured.

Decoration:

Text of Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid rubricated with keywords, section headings, overlining, text of matn, etc. in red ; textual dividers in the form of red discs.

Support:

non-European laid paper of roughly three types ; first type with roughly 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), fairly indistinct with some curving, chain lines visible and spaced roughly 16-18 mm. apart perhaps in groups of at least four ; second type quite dark (brown) with many undissolved fibers visible and rather indistinct laid lines (horizontal) and perhaps chain lines (difficult to measure), well-burnished and quite smooth ; third type with laid lines spaced roughly 7 laid lines per cm. (horizontal) and chain lines spaced about 15 mm. apart in groups of at least three, more similar to first type in color and texture.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather (sheep) ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in laid paper (over green cloth on lower cover) ; upper and lower covers bear simple blind-tooled vegetal design along center line, now barely visible ; blind-stamped pendant on envelope flap ; sewn in light brown thread, two stations ; endbands in red and blue, damaged leaving core and primaries exposed ; in poor condition with much abrasion, staining, moisture damage, negative draw in upper cover, detaching of cover exposing spine lining and sewing, delamination of boards, lifting and detaching of leathers, repairs in a variety of leathers and cloth, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

Several inserted slips carrying text of gloss, etc., nearly all tipped in (paginated pp.27-28, pp.33-34, pp.37-38, pp.45-46, pp.51-52, pp.213-214, pp.295-296).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 113. Al-Akaid, with commentary."

Origin:

A nearly unpointed and freely ligatured statement on fol.6b (p.12) appears to be the colophon for the ʻAqāʼid. The name of the copyist is difficult to make out, but may be Kamāl al-Dīn ibn Mawlānā Ḥusayn al-Dīn, with transcription completed in 843 [1439 or 1440] in Shamkūr (شمكور), i.e. Şəmkir, Azərbaycan [Shamkir, Azerbaijan]. A colophon for Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid appears on fol.163b (p.338), copied by Jār Allāh ibn Mawlānā Kamāl al-Dīn also in Shamkūr (شمكور) with date of transcription not provided. Likely also 15th century.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on inner front cover,"British Museum, London. No. 113. Al-Akaid, with commentary." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "265" [?] in Western numerals on fol.1a (p.1) ; seal of Solomon inscription (with greatest name of God / al-Ism al-Aʻẓam) also on fol.1a (p.1) ; extensive marginal and interlinear glosses in the Sharḥ ; occasional corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--Nasafī, ʻUmar ibn Muḥammad,--1068?-1142.--ʻAqāʼid.
04--نسفي، عمر بن محمد,--1068?-1142.--عقائد

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL.I, 427

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on April 16, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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