Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 64

Title:

[al-Fiqh al-akbar wa-Abū al-Muntahá ʻalá al-Fiqh al-akbar,1142, i.e. 1729 or 1730].[الفقه الأكبر وأبو المنتهى على الفقه الاكبر,1142ه, 1729 أو 1730م].

Author:

Abū Ḥanīfah,d. 767 or 8.ابو حنيفة.

Place/Date of Production:

[1729 or 1730].

Size:

50 leaves :paper ;203 x 143 (160-163 x 80-90) mm. bound to 203 x 148 mm.

Summary:

Well-annotated copy of the theological treatise attributed to Abū Ḥanifah (d.150/767), followed by a commentary by Abū al-Muntahá Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Maghnīsāwī (d.1000/1592).

Other Title(s):

Abū al-Muntahá ʻalá al-Fiqh al-akbarفقه اكبر امام اعظمشرح فقه اكبر ابو المنتهى من العقايد لامام اعظم

Subject(s):

Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Islamic law--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Abū Ḥanīfah,--d. 767 or 8.--Fiqh al-akbar.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title supplied by catloguer from inscriptions on fol.1a (p.7).


1
Incipit:

"[al-Fiqh al-akbar] قال اصل التوحيد وما يصح الاعتقاد عليه يجب ان يقول امنت بالله وملائكه وكتبه ورسوله والبعث بعد الموت وبالقدر خيره وشره ... [Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar] الحمد لله الذي هدانا الى طريق اهل السنة والجماعة بفضله العظيم ... فيقول العبد الضعيف المذنب ابو المنتهى عصمه الله تعالى الكبير الكريم عن الخطايا والمعاصي وعن الاعتقاد الفاسدة [كذا] العقيم ان كتاب الفقه الاكبر الذي صنفه الامام الاعظم ابو حنيفه رحمة الله عليه كتاب صحيح مقبول بين اهل السنة والجماعة..."

Explicit:

"يوافق ويثبت على اعتقاد صحيح وعمل صالح من تعلق مشيئته الازلية في الازل بهدايته قول الامام الاعظم رحمة الله عليه يهدى من يشاء الى صراط مستقيم كانه قال فما علينا الا البلاغ المبين والله يهدى من يشاء الى صراط مستقيم اللهم يا هادي المهتدين اهدنا الصراط المستقيم"


1
Colophon:

"Scribal," triangular, reads: "تمت الكتاب بعون الله الملك الوهاب سنة ١١٤٢"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. fol.1a-fol.6a : al-Fiqh al-akbar / Abū Ḥanīfah.
2. fol.6a-fol.49a : [Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar] / Abū al-Muntahá Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Maghnīsāwī.
3. fol.49b-50b : [left blank].

Physical Details:
Collation:

iii, 5 V (50), iii ; entirely quinions ; catchwords present ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals, from second folio, first appears on fol.6 (p.17) with "٥" ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (flyleaves paginated).

Layout:

Written mainly in 19 lines per page ; frame-ruled ; many leaves of early quires left at larger dimension to accomodate marginalia, folded rather than trimmed.

Script:

Naskh ; clear Turkish (?) hand ; strong effect of slant to the left ; mainly serifless but with occasional right-sloping head serif appearing on joined alif, ṭāʼ, etc. ; kāf mashkūlah preferred ; mix of open and closed counters.

Decoration:

Text enclosed in red rule-border ; text rubricated with section headings, keywords, overlining, etc. in red.

Support:

European laid paper, likely three types ; flyleaves in European laid paper with chain lines running horizontally spaced roughly 23 mm. apart and laid lines running vertically spaced roughly 15 laid lines per cm., eagle watermark and lion rampant in shield watermark ; early quires in heavy cream European laid paper with chain lines running horizontally spaced 28-30 mm. apart, laid lines running vertically spaced roughly 10 laid lines per cm., watermarks partially visible ; mid to latter quires in darker, crisp, thin and transluscent European laid paper with chain lines running horizontally spaced 26-28 mm., laid lines running vertically spaced roughly 12 laid lines per cm., watermarks and countermarks partially visible.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in dark blue coated paper (?) with machine-stamped floral vegetal texture and green leather over spine, fore-edge flap and turn-ins ; Type II binding (with flap) ; upper and lower covers as well as envelope flap carry gold-stamped border ; flyleaves and pastedowns in green wove paper ; interior of fore-edge flap in blue-green silk ; interior of envelope flap in marbled paper (red, lavender, and white) ; sewn in white thread, six stations ; no endbands ; in good condition with only slight abrasion, staining, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 88. Abu Hanifah's Al-Fikh al-akbar." ; on tail-edge in black ink "٣٩٣".

Origin:

As appears in colophon on fol.49a (p.103), copied 1142 H [1729 or 1730 M].

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on inner front cover,"British Museum, London. No. 88. Abu Hanifah's Al-Fikh al-akbar." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle/antelope in purple ink as well as inscription "177" in Western numerals on front flyleaf (p.1) ; circular waqf-seal impression in black ink appearing on fol.1a (p.7), fol.49b (p.104), etc. reads: "هذا وقف الراجي فيض الصمدي الشيخ احمد ضيا الدين ابن مصطفى الخالدي فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه فانما اثمه على الذين يبدلونه" ; numerous marginal and interlinear glosses and corrections ; a few notabilia (side heads) marked "مطلب" ; on fol.50b (p.106) a contents listing.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Maghnīsāwī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad,--d. 1591 or 2.--Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar.
05--مغنيساوي، احمد بن محمد،--ت. 1591 أو 2.--شرح الفقه الاكبر.
Abū al-Muntahá ʻalá al-Fiqh al-akbarفقه اكبر امام اعظمشرح فقه اكبر ابو المنتهى من العقايد لامام اعظم

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Related Works:

Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar.شرح الفقه الاكبر.

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 170

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on March 8, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

Total comments on this page: 2

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Martin Nguyen on paragraph 11:

هذا الكتاب فقه الاكبر امام اعظم قال اصل التوحيد وما يصح الاعتقاد عليه يجب ان يقول امنت بالله وملائكه وكتبه ورسوله والبعث بعد الموت وبالقدر خيره وشره

March 26, 2010 7:39 am
Martin Nguyen on paragraph 13:

يوافق ويثبت على اعتقاد صحيح وعمل صالح من تعلق مشيئة الازلية في الازل بهداية قول الامام الاعظم رحمة الله عليه يهدى من يشاء الى صراط مستقيم كانه قال فما علينا الا البلاغ المبين والله يهدى من يشاء الى صراط مستقيم اللهم يا هادي المهتدين هذا الصراط المستقيم تمت الكتاب بعون الله الملك الوهاب سنة ١١٤٢

March 26, 2010 8:01 am

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