Isl. Ms. 45


Fatḥ al-ʻAlī al-Barr Sharḥ Ḥizb al-baḥr,[1173, i.e. 1760].فتح العلي البر شرح حزب البحر,[1173ه, 1760م].


Izmīrī, Aḥmad ibn ʻUmar,d. ca. 1766.ازميري, احمد بن عمر.

Place/Date of Production:



67 leaves :paper ;207 x 145 (142 x 75) mm.


Early fair copy of Aḥmad ibn ʻUmar al-Izmīrī's commentary on al-Shādhilī's popular Ḥizb al-baḥr.

Other Title(s):

Sharḥ Ḥizb al-baḥrشرح حزب البحر


Sufism--Prayers and devotions--Early works to 1800.
Shadhiliyah--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Shādhilī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʻAlī ibn ʻAbd Allāh,--ca. 1196-1258.--Ḥizb al-baḥr.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on fol.1a (p.1).


"الحمد لله الذي جعل ... العلماء العارفين احرازا في [؟] ... وبعد فيقول الفقير الى الغني القدير احمد بن عمر الداعى في الازمير [؟] عفا عنهما العلي الكبير لما كان الحزب الجليل والحرز الجميل لامامنا الكامل الجلي الشيخ ابو الحسن الشاذلي ... ومع هذا قد شرحه المتبحرون واقتفى اثرهم المقلدون لكن لم يشهر منها ما يروى الجنان التمس منى بعض الاخوان زاد كما لاتهم الملك المنان ان اكتب عليه نبذة من الفرائد ... و لما تم بحمد الله الاكبر سميته فتح العلي البر شرح الحزب البحر ... ثم ان شيخنا ..."


"رب العالمين خالق الخلائق ومصلحها وسيدها"


"Scribal", triangular, reads: "قد استراح قلم التبييض عن التسويد ومن الله التكميل بالقبول والتسديد وله الحمد على جميع نعمه بلا غاية ولا تحديد ... تمت الكتاب بعون الله الملك الوهاب سنة ۱۱۷۳ في ۱٥ جمادى الاولى"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


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Physical Details:

6 V (60), IV-1 (67) ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals (supplied during digitization).


Written in 15 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; fine Turkish hand ; mainly serifless with occasional left sloping head serif on alif of lām alif ligature ; rounded with a very slight tilt to the left.


Simple illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) on fol.1b (p.2) consisting of rectangular piece with empty cartouche surmounted by semicircular piece with floral vegetal design in pink and gold, surmounted by gold stalks ; decorative frame on incipit and facing page consists of a series of gold bands and black fillets, thereafter a plain rule-border in red ink ; textual dividers in the form of red discs ; text rubricated with section headings, key words, textudal dividers, etc. in red.


European laid paper with chain lines running horizontally evenly spaced roughly 24 mm. apart and laid lines running vertically spaced roughly 12 laid lines per cm. ; highly burnished with burnishers marks evident ; three hats watermark (compare Heawood 2596-2599) visible in second to final quire particularly (see p.108, 110, etc.) ; scrollwork shield watermark partially visible also.


Pasteboards covered in laid paper with red leather for spine and turn-ins ; Type II binding (with flap) though flap now missing ; board linings in yellow European laid paper, hinges in brown leather ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped central panel in lozenge shape filled with floral design ; sewing in red thread, two stations ; only traces of primaries (in yellow) remain, otherwise endbands lost ; in fair condition though upper cover is detaching from spine, much abrasion, staining, and some delaminating of boards.

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No.5. Hizb al-bahr, with commentary."


As appears in colophon on p.131, transcription finished ("qad istarāḥa qalam al-tabyīḍ ʻan al-taswīd..." see p.129) 15th Jumādá I 1173 H [January 1760 M]. The copyist is not identified. The author is named on fol.1b (p.2) and appears to be the Aḥmad ibn ʻUmar ibn Ayyūb al-Izmīrī named by Kaḥḥālah (see ed. Dimashq, 1957 p.29).

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on upper cover, "No.5. Hizb al-bahr, with commentary."; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "279" in Western numerals on fol.1a (p.1); on paper (tinted) pasted on fol.1a (p.1), a detailed waqf statement in the name of al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Adīb (Abdullah Edip), known as Jannatʹzādah (Cennet-zade), qāḍī of Erzurum, accompanied by his seal, reads: "وقفت وقفا صحيحا شرعيا على ان لا يخرج من بيت الكتب الملتصق بداري الا لعلماء سكنوا بارضروم بكفيل مرعى اورهن قوي وانا الفقير اليه عز شانه السيد عبد الله اديب الشهير بجنت زاده القاضي بمدينة ارضروم في سنة اثنى وستين ومائتين والف" ; possible reading statemtn on interior of upper cover ; on fol.1a (p.1) several decorative inscriptions, difficult to make out, but likely dated 1219, may accompany oval seal impression ; on fol.1a (p.1) scribble from calligraphy exercise ; inscription on p.132 in name of ʻAbd al-Sayyid ʻAlī, reads: "يا عالما بحالي عليك اتكالي عبد السيد علي" ; numerous glosses ; some marginal corrections ; collation marks "بلغ" (see p.68 and p.131) ; seal impressions with decorative inscriptions on p.7.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Kaḥḥālah, ʻUmar. Muʻjam al-muʼallifīn, (Dimashq, 1957),v.2, p.29

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on March 8, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

Total comments on this page: 4

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Walid Ghali on paragraph 2:

[Fatḥ al-Ali al-Barr Sharḥ Ḥizb al-baḥr,1174, i.e. 1760 or 1761].[فتح العلي البر شرح حزب البحر,1174ه, 1760 أو 1761م].

March 31, 2010 4:49 am
Walid Ghali on paragraph 3:

Aḥmad ibn ‘Umar. أحمد بن عمر

March 31, 2010 4:52 am
Walid Ghali on paragraph 7:

فتح العلى البر شرح حزب البحر

March 31, 2010 4:53 am
Necdet Ayhan on paragraph 1:

Thanks a lot.

May 3, 2010 3:14 pm

Comments are by invitation only.