Isl. Ms. 38


Sayf al-Dīn al-Abharī alá ʻAḍud al-Dīn,[15th century?].سيف الدين الابهري على عضد الدين،[القرن 15م؟].


Abharī, Sayf al-Dīn.d. 1397?ابهري، سيف الدين.

Place/Date of Production:



104 leaves :paper ;180 x 140 (130 x 95) mm. bound to 180 x 145 mm.


Elegant copy of al-Abharī's gloss upon al-Ījī's (d. 756/1355) commentary on Ibn al-Ḥājib's (d. 646/1249) abridgement of his own Muntahá al-suʼl wa-al-amal fī ʻilmay al-uṣūl wa-al-jadal, on uṣūl al-fiqh. Copy ends abruptly and appears incomplete.

Other Title(s):

Ḥāshīyat Sayf al-Dīn ʻalá al-ʻAḍudīyahحاشية سيف الدين على العضديةTitle from inscription on front flyleaf recto:حواشي شرح عضد لمولانا سيف الدين الابهري


Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ījī, ʻAḍud al-Dīn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Aḥmad,--d.1355?--ʻAḍudīyah.
Ibn al-Ḥājib, ʻUthmān ibn ʻUmar,--1175-1249.--Mukhtaṣar al-Muntahá.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on front flyleaf verso.


"الحمد لله الذي شرع الاحكام وربطها بدلائل كلية وعلل تفصيلية للاحكام وابار معالم الدين بانوار الكتاب والخير ..."


"هو الوقت المشروع اولا وبعد الوقت المطنون تضيقه قبل الوقت و اقره اليه اد [؟]"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

ii,13 IV(104), ii ; quire numbering in red ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals, appears on the recto of the first leaf for the second through the sixth quires, thereafter likely cut off ; entirely quaternions ; catchwords present, though occasionally lost to trimming ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes insert).


Written in 21 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; graceful Eastern hand (Persian or Transoxanian?) ; sans serif ; mainly closed counters ; kāf mashkūlah preferred ; slight effect of tilt to the right ; some swooping tails ; initial hāʼ looking like two inverted commas.


Text rubricated with keywords, overlining, etc. in red ; occasional textual dividers in the form of red discs or inverted commas.


non-European (Arab) laid paper with indistinct laid lines spaced 8 laid lines per cm. (20 laid lines in 25 mm.) ; chain lines grouped in threes running horizontally spaced roughly10 mm. apart with roughly 43-45 mm. between the groups ; well-burnished with some burnisher's marks visible ; quite smooth ; some undissolved fibers.


Pasteboards covered in red brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; doublure hinges and interior of envelope flap extending onto lower doublure in red brown leather with block-stamped vegetal pattern ; board linings in paper ; upper and lower covers carry blind-tooled central circular medallion consisting of a series of concentric circles formed with a crescent-shaped stamp, accents in same stampe, and border in s-shaped stamps and scored fillets ; design continues on envelope flap ; sewn in cream thread, four stations ; endbands virtually gone though traces remain ; in fair condition with abrasion, lifting and cracking of spine and fore-edge flap leather, some pest damage, repairs in blue cloth tape, and paper label bookplate pasted over upper cover.

Accompanying Materials:

Slip of European laid paper with excerpt in black ink (paginated pp.85-86).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 18. Commentary on a work on theology by Al-Iji." ; "٣٩٤" on tail-edge of textblock.


Lacks dated colophon ; paper and cover design suggest 15th century.

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 18. Commentary on a work on theology by Al-Iji." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle/antelope in purple ink as well as inscription "491" in Western numerals on front flyleaf recto ; price on front flyleaf verso ; ownership statement on second of front flyleaves reads "صاحبه ومالكه شمس الدين حسن بن محمد الفنري [؟] عليهم رحمة ..." ; several effaced statements on fol.1a (p.1) along with circular waqf-seal impression in black ink (also appears several other places throughout) reads: "هذا وقف الراجي فيض الصمدي الشيخ احمد ضيا الدين ابن مصطفى الخالدي فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه فانما اثمه على الذين يبدلونه" ; numerous glosses and marginal corrections throughout ; collation marks "بلغ" appear regularly on the verso of the final leaf of the first several quires, thereafter may simply be cut off.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,SI 538

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on March 8, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

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