Isl. Ms. 434


Sharḥ-i Rubāʻī-i Abī Saʻīd Abī al-Khayr,[16th century?].شرح رباعی ابی سعید ابی الخیر،[قرن 16م؟].


Aḥrār, ʻUbayd Allāh ibn Maḥmūd,1403 or 4-1489 or 90.احرار، عبيد الله بن محمود.

Place/Date of Production:



8 leaves :paper ;218 x 140 mm.


Elegant copy of a commentary by the Naqshbandī shaykh Aḥrār (d.1490) on the quatrain (rubāʻī) known as the Ḥawrāʼīyah attributed to the famous mystic Abū Saʻīd ibn Abī al-Khayr (d.1049).

Other Title(s):

شرح رباعى ابي سعيد ابي الخيررسالۀ حورائیهRisālah-ʼi Ḥawrāʼīyahرسالة الحورائة في شرح قصيدة السلطان العارف أبي سعيد أبي الخير


Sufi poetry, Persian--Early works to 1800.
Persian poetry--747-1500.
Quatrains, Persian.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Abū Saʻīd ibn Abī al-Khayr,--967-1049.--Poems.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on front flyleaf.


"الحمد لله فیاض الحکم والمواهب وموصل الطالبین الی المطالب ... اما بعد بدانکه این فقیر را بسی شغف مى بود بدانستن رباعی قطب الاولیا سلطان ابی سعید ابی الخیر قدس الله روحه ورباعی اینست حورا بناظره نگارم صف زد رضوان ز تعجب کف خود بر کف زد..."


"و او از معنی این رباعی حالت رجوع بآن جناب فهم کند البته اورا سروری بیدا شود زیرا که خاصیت محبت آنست که محب را هیج لذتی بهتر از ملاقات محبوب نباشد تمت الرسالة"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, III+2 (8), i ; catchwords present.


Written in 11 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Nastaʻlīq ; exquisite hand ; serifless with characteristic descent of words to baseline and superscripting of final words and letters ; elongation of horizontal strokes ; exaggerated contrast between thickness of horizontal and vertical strokes; text of keywords, text of Qurʼānic excerpts, quoted ḥadīth, etc. in tawqīʻ with tilt to the left and right-sloping head-serif.


Superb illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān/sarlawḥ) at opening consisting of rectangular piece with cartouche carrying the basmalah in white on a field of lapis lazuli overlaid with a swirling vegetal pattern in gold, surrounded by a delicate vegetal pattern in black with chi clouds in light blue on a field of gold, with entire piece bordered in green or turquoise band ; rectangular piece surmounted by scalloped three semi-circular pieces (domes) filled with a similar delicate vegetal pattern in gold on fields of lapis lazuli, with further gold accents and chi clouds in light blue, all surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) ; written area very delicately gold-flecked and surrounded by heavy gold band ; keywords and text of ḥadīth and Qurʼānic excerpts, etc. chrysographed.


non-European laid paper with roughly 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical, somewhat indistinct) and no chain lines plainly visible, cloudy formation, fairly thick and sturdy, quite well-burnished.


Pasteboards covered in marbled paper (kumlu or kılçıklı ebru in blue, green, yellow and white) with red leather over spine ; Type III (without flap) ; board linings in European laid paper (three hats watermark) ; resewn in white thread ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion, staining, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

"383 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" inscribed in pencil on interior of upper cover ; "232" inscribed in pencil on 'title page'.


Lacks dated colophon ; paper, etc. may suggest 16th century.

Ownership and History:

Occasional marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.


Khvājah ʻUbayd Allāh Aḥrār, Risālah-ʼi ḥawrāʼīyah. In Muḥammad ibn al-Munavvar, Asrār al-tawḥīd fī maqāmāt al-Shaykh Abī Saʻīd, ed. V. A. Zhukovskii. St. Petersburg, 1899.pp.489-493Cat. Pers. MSS. Brit. Mus,p. 862 b

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on March 8, 2010
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Persian MSS

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