Isl. Ms. 315


Kitāb-i Rawz̤at al-anvār,[late 18th century?].کتاب روضه الانوار,[پایان قرن 18م؟].


Khvājū-yi Kirmānī, Maḥmūd ibn ʻAlī,1290 or 91-1352?خواجوى كرمانى, محمود ابن على.

Place/Date of Production:



41 leaves :paper ;330 x 200 (200 x 91) mm.


Splendid copy of the Ṣūfistic poem in 20 maqālahs and 2,224 bayts composed by Kamāl al-Dīn Abū al-ʻAṭāʼ Maḥmūd ibn ʻAlī Khvājū-yi Kirmānī (d.1352) for Shams al-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn Ṣāʼin, vizier of the Injūʼid ruler Abū Isḥāq Injū (r.1341-53). Fourth part of Khvājū's Khamsah, modeled on the Khamsah of Niẓāmī.

Other Title(s):

Rawz̤at al-anvārروضة الانواركتاب روضة الانوار


Persian poetry--747-1500.
Sufi poetry, Persian--Early works to 1800.
Masnavis, Persian--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Carpet pages17 century.Carpet pages18 century.




Ms. composite codex.
Title from close.


"زینت الروضة في الاول بسم آله الصمد المفضل"


"تیغ زبان بیش نشاید کشید سخن کن چوبمقطع رسید تمت كتاب روضه الانوار افضل المتكلمين كمال الملة والدين خواجو كرمانى نور الله قبره بعون الله تعالى وفضله وجوده"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

4 (4), 8 II(36), II+1 (41) ; almost exclusively binions ; catchwords present in lower left corner of written area ;


Written mainly in 29 lines per page, with written area divided to three columns ; frame-ruled.


Nastaʻlīq ; exquisite hand in a medium line ; serifless, with effect of words descending to baseline, elongation and contrasting thickness of horizontal strokes.


Exquisite illuminated carpet pages (anepigraphic frontispieces) at opening ; initial double-page illumination with each page consisting of central ornament in the form of an eight-pointed star, pendants and cornerpieces filled with arabesques and floral accents in gold, turquoise, red, blue, etc. on grounds of blue (lapis), black and gold set in a field of gold floral vegetal motifs, likely taken from another manuscript and mounted here ; next double-page illumination with each page carrying central eight-pointed star with pendants filled with small floral motifs in pink, yellow, blue, white, etc. on a gold ground set in a narrow central panel defined by elaborate borders and filled with rich floral vegetal decoration (with sāz leaves, large floral motifs, etc.) in gold with red, blue and yellow accents, also likely taken from a different manuscript ; double-page illumination at opening carries text in 13 lines per page set off by gold cloud-bands (written area set into page) surrounded by a border richly decorated with small floral motifs in shades of pink, yellow, blue, orange, etc. on a field of blue defined by bands of yellow, blue and gold interlace with outermost vertical stalks (tīgh) in gold and blue ; written area elsewhere throughout surrounded by heavy band of blue with gold vegetal design and outermost bands of red, gold and blue, divisions within defined by gold bands and vegetal designs, additional bands define outer margin ; simple illuminated headpieces (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) in the form of small rectangular pieces with empty gold cartouches appear at section openings ; text throughout set off by gold cloud-bands.


Written area possibly in non-European (likely Persian or Indian) laid paper and mounted in leaves of non-European (5-6 laid lines per cm., horizontal, curved, no chains visible, quite sturdy and well-burnished) and occasionally European laid paper (10 laid lines per cm., vertical, chain lines spaced 30-32 mm. apart, horizontal, scrollwork watermarks) ; margins mainly surface-dyed pink or yellow ; some breakthrough at frames ; thin, orange surface-dyed slips protect illumination at later section opening and tailpiece.


Heavy pasteboards covered in painted lacquerwork, spine in black leather ; Type III binding (without flap) ; doublures in fine painted lacquerwork featuring tall narcissus-like plant with leaves in shades of green and flowers and buds in yellow with pink accents at the head of a central stalk, accompanied by other flowers in blue, white and shades of pink, all on a red ground with border in black with gold accents (composition of upper doublure mirrors that of lower doublure) ; upper and lower covers bear paintings evoking traditional bookcover design with scalloped mandorla, pendants, cornerpieces and elaborate borders all filled with swirling vegetal design with floral motifs in shades of gold, red, pink, blue, yellow, and white on grounds of green, yellow, black and red ; now sewn in white thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in red and white, some damage to headband ; overall in poor condition with significant losses of lacquer, pigment and board sustained by upper and lower covers, crazing and cracking in doublures, some delamination of boards, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

"191 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" and "257" in pencil, "6" in ink, all on recto of opening leaf.


Lacks dated colophon ; on the whole, perhaps later 18th or even early 19th century with carpet pages possibly 17th (opening double-page) and later 18th century (second double-page).

Ownership and History:

Inscriptions "191 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" and "257" in pencil, "6" in ink, all on recto of opening leaf ; collation statement on recto of opening leaf "۴۲ ورق كه ۳ ورق تذهيب است" ; effaced inscription on verso of final leaf ; fairly clean copy.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.


University of Michigan Library. Manuscripts & papyri : an exhibition arranged for the XXVII International Congress of Orientalists. Ann Arbor, Michigan August 13-19, 1967. (Ann Arbor, MI [?], 1967),no.52 p.14Cat. Pers. MSS. Prit. Mus.,p. 621Browne,iii, 222-9Dehghan, I. "Ḵh̲WĀd̲j̲ū, kamāl al-dīn abu 'l-ʿaṭāʾ maḥmūd b. ʿalī." In EI2,vol.IV, p.909, col.2

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on March 8, 2010
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Fully Catalogued, Persian MSS

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